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- Pharmacology For Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + Bromhexine
Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + Bromhexine Pharmacology
Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineAbout Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/AMechanism of Action of Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/APharmacokinets of Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/AOnset of Action for Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/ADuration of Action for Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/AHalf Life of Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/ASide Effects of Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/AContra-indications of Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/ASpecial Precautions while taking Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/APregnancy Related InformationN/AOld Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationN/AChildren Related InformationN/AIndications for Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/AInteractions for Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/ATypical Dosage for Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/ASchedule of Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/AStorage Requirements for Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/AEffects of Missed Dosage of Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/AEffects of Overdose of Terbutaline + Ammonium chloride + BromhexineN/A
TerbutalineAbout TerbutalineA ?2-adrenergic agonist,a fast-acting bronchodilator, Tocolytic,Anti asthma.Mechanism of Action of TerbutalineTerbutaline is a ?2 receptor agonist. Terbutaline directly relaxes the airway smooth muscles and produces bronchodilation. Stimulation of ?2 receptors activates Gs adenylyl-cyclase -cyclic AMP path way and produces reduction in smooth muscle tone. ?2 receptor agonists also increases the conductance of large Ca2+sensitive K+ channels in airway smooth muscles and leads to membrane hyperpolarisation and relaxation of smooth muscles.
Tocolytic action: In premature labour Terbutaline relaxes uterine smooth muscles and inhibits uterine contractions.
Pharmacokinets of TerbutalineAbsorption: It is partially absorbed (about 33- 50%) after oral administration
Distribution: It is widely distributed in the body.
Metabolism: It is partially metabolised in the liver to inactive compounds.
Excretion: Drug and its metabolites are excreted mainly in urine.
Onset of Action for Terbutaline30 minutes (oral), 15 minutes (subcutaneous), 5-30 minutes (inhalation)Duration of Action for Terbutaline4- 8 hours (oral), 1.5-4 hours (subcutaneous), 3- 6 hours (inhalation).Half Life of TerbutalineN/ASide Effects of Terbutaline1. Drowsiness
14. Dry and irritated nose (inhalation)
15. Hypokalaemia (high dose)
Contra-indications of Terbutaline1. Hypersensitivity to Terbutaline and other sympathomimetic amines.Special Precautions while taking Terbutaline1. Myocardial insufficiency
Pregnancy Related InformationUse with caution.Old Age Related InformationUse with caution.Breast Feeding Related InformationUse with caution.Children Related InformationUse with caution
CHILDREN Below 12 years : contraindicated
Indications for Terbutaline1. Obstructive airway diseases
2. Acute Bronchospasm
3. Status asthmaticus
4. Premature labour
Interactions for TerbutalineOther Sympathomimetic bronchodilators or epinephrine: Combined effect on the cardiovascular system may be deleterious to the patient.
MAOIs and TCAs: Effect of terbutaline on vascular system may be potentiated.
Beta-adrenergic blocking agents: Block the pulmonary effect of terbutaline and may produce severe asthmatic attacks in asthmatic patients.
Beclomethasone, Theophylline: Synergy when used with these agents.
Food: Reduces bioavailability of terbutaline.Typical Dosage for TerbutalineAdult:
Oral: Initial dose: 7.5 mg / day in 3 divided doses, if needed dose can be increased to 15mg /day in 3 divided doses.
Subcutaneous /Intramuscular/slow IV infusion: 250 - 500mcg 3 - 4 times daily
Aerosol inhalation: 250 - 500mcg every 6 - 8 hours
Nebulised solution inhalation: 5 - 10 mg every 6 - 12 hours.
Oral: Initial dose: 2.5 mg in 2-3 times daily
Subcutaneous /Intramuscular/slow IV infusion: 10mcg /kg body weight dose can be increased to 300 mcg / day
Aerosol inhalation: 250 - 500mcg every 6 - 8 hours
Nebulised solution inhalation: 2 - 5 mg every 6 - 12 hours.
Premature labor (IV): Initial dose: 10mcg/minute and dose can be repeated until effective therapeutic response is obtained. Maximum dose: 80mcg/minute. Maintenance dose (IV dosage): Minimum effective dose for 4 hours.
Schedule of TerbutalineHStorage Requirements for TerbutalineStore at 15 - 30 degree C. Protect from heat and light.Effects of Missed Dosage of TerbutalineTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of TerbutalineGive supportive measures and symptomatic treatment. Drug can be removed from the body by gastric lavage or by inducing emesis. Absorption of drug can be reduced by administration of activated charcoal.
Ammonium chlorideAbout Ammonium chlorideAmmonium compound, Acidifier,Expectorant.Mechanism of Action of Ammonium chlorideN/APharmacokinets of Ammonium chlorideN/AOnset of Action for Ammonium chlorideN/ADuration of Action for Ammonium chlorideN/AHalf Life of Ammonium chlorideN/ASide Effects of Ammonium chlorideN/AContra-indications of Ammonium chlorideN/ASpecial Precautions while taking Ammonium chlorideN/APregnancy Related InformationN/AOld Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationN/AChildren Related InformationN/AIndications for Ammonium chlorideN/AInteractions for Ammonium chlorideN/ATypical Dosage for Ammonium chlorideN/ASchedule of Ammonium chlorideN/AStorage Requirements for Ammonium chlorideN/AEffects of Missed Dosage of Ammonium chlorideN/AEffects of Overdose of Ammonium chlorideN/A
BromhexineAbout BromhexineMucolytic (secretolytic)Mechanism of Action of BromhexineBromhexine hydrochloride acts as a mucokinetic and mucolytic agent. It decreases mucus viscosity by altering its structure. It depolymerises mucopolysaccharides directly as well as by liberating lysosomal enzymes and network of fibres in tenacious sputum is broken. It induces thin copious bronchial secretion.Pharmacokinets of BromhexineAbsorption: Bromhexine hydrochloride is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and bioavailability is about 20%. Distribution: It is widely distributed to body tissues in a highly protein bound form; Bromhexine crosses the blood brain barrier and small amounts cross the placenta, Metabolism: It undergoes extensive first-pass metabolism in the liver. Excretion: It is excreted primarily in the urine mainly as metabolites.Onset of Action for BromhexineN/ADuration of Action for BromhexineN/AHalf Life of Bromhexine12hours.Side Effects of Bromhexine1 Rhinorrhoea
4.Gastric irritation.Contra-indications of BromhexineHypersensitivity to the drug.Special Precautions while taking Bromhexine1. Hepatic impairment
2. Renal impairment
3. Gastric and duodenal ulcer
4. Convulsive disorders
Pregnancy Related InformationContraindicatedOld Age Related InformationUse with cautionBreast Feeding Related InformationContraindicatedChildren Related InformationUse with cautionIndications for Bromhexine1. As Expectorant and mucolytic
2. Conditions associated with production of viscid mucous
8. Asthmatic bronchitis
9. Mucous bronchiectasis
10.Chronic Pneumonia.Interactions for BromhexineN/ATypical Dosage for BromhexineOral: 8mg thrice daily.
Children (5 to 10 years): 4mg thrice daily
Children (1 to 5 years): 4mg twice daily.
Schedule of BromhexineHStorage Requirements for BromhexineStore in a cool dry place and protect from light. Keep out of reach of children.Effects of Missed Dosage of BromhexineTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of BromhexineProvide symptomatic treatment and supportive measures.
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