Cyclosporin A Pharmacology

Cyclosporin A

About Cyclosporin A
A cyclic nonribosomal peptide(11 amino acids) immunosuppressant drug, Organ transplant rejection prevention.
Mechanism of Action of Cyclosporin A
Cyclosporine binds to the cytosolic protein cyclophilin (immunophilin) of immunocompetent lymphocytes, especially T-lymphocytes. This complex inhibits calcineurin, which is responsible for activating the transcription of interleukin 2. It also inhibits lymphokine production and interleukin release and therefore leads to reduced function of effecter T-cells. Drug prevents mitochondrial PT pore from opening and inhibits cytochrome C release and also apoptosis induced by it.
Pharmacokinets of Cyclosporin A
Absorption- Absorption after oral administration varies from patient to patient. Rapidly absorbed after intravenous administration.
Distribution-Widely distributed in the blood. It crosses the placental barrier and enters to the breast milk.
Metabolism- Metabolized in the liver to its metabolites.
Excretion- Excreted through bile and urine (6%).
Onset of Action for Cyclosporin A
Within 12 hr after administration
Duration of Action for Cyclosporin A
72 hrs
Half Life of Cyclosporin A
Side Effects of Cyclosporin A
1. Seizures
2. Tremor
3. Hypertension
4. Sinusitis
5. Gum hyperplasia
6. Nausea
7. Vomiting
8. Diarrhea
9. Nephrotoxicity
10. Leucopenia
11. Thrombocytopenia
12. Hepatotoxicity
13. Anaphylaxis
14. Flushing
15. Hirsuitism
16. Hemolytic anemia
17. Increased susceptibility to infections
18. Hyperkalemia
19. Fluid retention
20. Gynecomastia

Contra-indications of Cyclosporin A
1. Hypersensitivity to the drug or its ingredient
2. Malignant neoplasm
Special Precautions while taking Cyclosporin A
1. Renal impairment
2. Hepatic dysfunction
3. Hyperurecemia
4. Anaphylaxis
5. History of allergic diseases
6. Epilepsy
7. Monitor patients BP, serum electrolyte, renal and hepatic function regularly.
Pregnancy Related Information
Old Age Related Information
Use with caution
Breast Feeding Related Information
Children Related Information
Use with caution
Indications for Cyclosporin A
1. Organ transplant rejection
2. Rheumatoid arthritis
3. Crohn`s syndrome
4. Nephrotic syndrome
5. Psoriasis
6. Ulcerative colitis
7. Uveitis
8. Neuroprotection in traumatic brain injury
9. Aplastic anemia
10. Myasthenia gravis
11. Dermatomyositis
Interactions for Cyclosporin A
Typical Dosage for Cyclosporin A
Organ transplantation:10-15mg/kg/day, starting at 4-12 hrs before procedure and continued for 1-2 weeks, maintenance dose is 2-6mg/kg
Corneal transplantation.15 mg/ kg /day for 4-12hrs before transplantation. Continue this after surgery for 1-2 weeks Children:
Corneal transplantation.15 mg/ kg /day for 4-12hrs before transplantation. Continue this after surgery for 1-2 weeks
Bone marrow transplantation: 3-5mg/kg/day for 2 weeks, maintenance dose is 12.5mg/kg
Schedule of Cyclosporin A
Storage Requirements for Cyclosporin A
Stored at room temperature. Protect from light and excessive heat. Keep out of reach of children.
Effects of Missed Dosage of Cyclosporin A
Take the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
Effects of Overdose of Cyclosporin A
Give supportive and symptomatic treatment. Induce emesis or gastric lavage. Monitor vital functions, fluid and electrolyte levels of patient regularly.

Home Delivery for Cyclosporin A in Your City

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However, we do publish a comprehensive directory of Pharmacies, Chemists and Druggists in cities all over India. You can use this directory to find the medicine stores in your city (or area) that provide home delivery services for cyclosporin a and other medicines and health products. Home delivery services for cyclosporin a may be free or they may cost you depending on the pharmacy and the minimum order requirements. It would be best to get this clarified while placing the order.

Please be aware that you should take cyclosporin a only if a doctor has recommended or prescribed it. Some or all pharmacies who provide a home delivery service for medicines might insist on a prescription for cyclosporin a before they complete the sale. You can get this information while placing the order for cyclosporin a with the pharmacy.

Cyclosporin A is a generic medicine name and there are several brands available for it. Some of the brands for cyclosporin a might be better known than cyclosporin a itself. If the pharmacy that's willing to deliver medicines to your home doesn't have cyclosporin a in stock, you can ask for one of the branded alternatives for cyclosporin a.