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- Pharmacology For Pantoprazole + Domperidone
Pantoprazole + Domperidone Pharmacology
Pantoprazole + DomperidoneAbout Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/AMechanism of Action of Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/APharmacokinets of Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/AOnset of Action for Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/ADuration of Action for Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/AHalf Life of Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/ASide Effects of Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/AContra-indications of Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/ASpecial Precautions while taking Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/APregnancy Related InformationN/AOld Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationN/AChildren Related InformationN/AIndications for Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/AInteractions for Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/ATypical Dosage for Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/ASchedule of Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/AStorage Requirements for Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/AEffects of Missed Dosage of Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/AEffects of Overdose of Pantoprazole + DomperidoneN/A
PantoprazoleAbout PantoprazoleA proton pump inhibitor, Benzimidazole derivative, Anti ulcer.Mechanism of Action of PantoprazolePantoprazole is a proton pump inhibitor. It is a prodrug. After administration it diffuses in to the parietal cell of the stomach and accumulates in the secretory canaliculi. In the acidic medium Pantoprazole is converted to sulfenamide. This sulfenamide covalently interacts with sulfhydryl (SH) group in the proton pump
(H+ K+ATPase) and inhibits the exchange of extracellular K+ for intracellular H+ ion. Pantoprazole irreversibly inhibits proton pumps activity and decreases gastric acid secretion. Pantoprazole is more acid stable and its activity is lowered in higher pH. It is the only proton pump inhibitor which is available as parenteral form.
Pharmacokinets of PantoprazoleAbsorption: Pantoprazole is well absorbed after oral administration. Its bioavailability is about 77% since it`s undergoes first pass metabolism.
Distribution: It is widely distributed in the body in protein bound form.
Metabolism: Pantoprazole is extensively metabolised in the liver.
Excretion: It is excreted mainly in the urine and small amount in faeces.
Onset of Action for Pantoprazole2-4 hoursDuration of Action for Pantoprazole1 dayHalf Life of Pantoprazole60 minutesSide Effects of Pantoprazole1. Diarrhoea
6. Abdominal pain
Contra-indications of Pantoprazole1. Hypersensitivity to PantoprazoleSpecial Precautions while taking Pantoprazole1. Hepatic impairment
2. Monitor liver function
3. Avoid prolonged use
Pregnancy Related InformationContraindicatedOld Age Related InformationUse with cautionBreast Feeding Related InformationContraindicated.Children Related InformationUse with caution
Below 12 years : Contraindicated
Indications for Pantoprazole1. Duodenal ulcer
2. Benign Gastric ulcer
3. Zollinger- Ellison syndrome
4. Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Interactions for PantoprazolePhenazone (antipyrine), diazepam, digoxin, theophylline, carbamazepine, diclofenac, phenprocoumon, phenytoin, warfarin, nifedipine, caffeine, metoprolol or ethanol : No clinically relevant interaction at therapeutic doses.
Oral contraceptives : Does not appear to compromise hormonal contraceptive efficacy as no interaction with a low dose combined oral contraceptive has been seen.
Typical Dosage for PantoprazoleOral :
Adult: 20-40mg / day before breakfast.
Duodenal ulcer: 40mg / day to be taken before breakfast for 2 - 4 weeks.
Benign Gastric ulcer: 40mg / day to be taken before breakfast for 1 - 2months.
Zollinger- Ellison syndrome: 80 mg / day in 2 divided doses increase the dose to 240 mg/ day if needed.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease: 20 - 40 mg / day to be taken before breakfast for 1 month and continue the treatment for 1 more month if needed.
Parenteral: 40 mg once daily as IV injection over 15 minutes.
Children below 12 years : Not recommended
Schedule of PantoprazoleHStorage Requirements for PantoprazoleStore at 15 - 30 degree C in a tightly closed container. Protect from light.Effects of Missed Dosage of PantoprazoleTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of PantoprazoleGive supportive measures and symptomatic treatment.
DomperidoneAbout DomperidoneAntidopaminergic, Motility stimulant,Piperidine derivative, Antiemetic, anti-vertigo.Mechanism of Action of DomperidoneDomperidone is a potent dopamine receptor antagonist. It acts centrally and blocks the Dopamine receptor in the Chemoreceptor trigger zone and produces Antiemetic effect.
Domperidone acts peripherally in the gastrointestinal system and increases oesophageal peristalsis, oesophageal sphincter pressure and gastric motility. These all facilitates gastric emptying. Domperidone is used in migraine to relieve nausea and vomiting.
Anaesthetic adjuncts: It is used preoperatively in order to reduce the post operative vomiting.
Pharmacokinets of DomperidoneAbsorption: Domperidone is rapidly absorbed after oral administration. Since it undergoes first pass metabolism oral bioavailability is only 15 %. Distribution: It is widely distributed in the body in protein bound form. Metabolism: Domperidone undergoes metabolism in the liver. Excretion: It is excreted mainly in the faeces and also in the urine.Onset of Action for Domperidone30 - 60 minutesDuration of Action for Domperidone6 - 8 hoursHalf Life of Domperidone7.5 hoursSide Effects of Domperidone1.Diarrhoea
Contra-indications of Domperidone1.Hypersensitivity to Domperidone
2.Prolactin releasing pituitary tumour(prolactinoma)
Special Precautions while taking Domperidone1.Hepatic impairment
Pregnancy Related InformationContraindicatedOld Age Related InformationUse with cautionBreast Feeding Related InformationUse with cautionChildren Related InformationUse with caution
NEONATES: contraindicatedIndications for Domperidone1.Nausea and vomiting associated with gastrointestinal disorder and migraine.
2.Delayed gastric emptying of functional origin
3.As an Antiemetic in patient receiving cytotoxic drugs
Interactions for DomperidoneDigoxin: Oral dose of digoxin needs to be reduced.
Aspirin, Paracetamol & Oral Diazepam: Increases absorption of these agents.
Anticholinergic agents: Antagonize the effects of domperidone.
Phenothiazines: CNS depression enhanced by domperidone.
Antimuscarinic agents and opioids: Antagonize GI effects of domperidone.
Suxamethonium: Neuromuscular blockade enhanced by domperidone.Typical Dosage for DomperidoneAdults: 30 - 40 mg / day in 3 - 4 divided doses 30 minutes before meals and at bed time if required. After 2 weeks dose can be increased to 60 - 80 mg / day if needed.
Migraine: 20 mg by mouth may be taken up to every 4 hours with Paracetamol, as required up to a maximum of 4 doses in 24 hours.
Children: 300 mcg / kg body weight 3 - 4 times daily 30 minutes before meals and at bed time if required
Schedule of DomperidoneHStorage Requirements for DomperidoneStore at room temperature (15 - 30 degree C). Protect from direct sun light and moistureEffects of Missed Dosage of DomperidoneTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of DomperidoneGive supportive measures and symptomatic treatment. Drug can be removed from the body by gastric lavage and absorption of the drug can be reduced by administration of activated charcoal. To control Extrapyramidal reactions give antiparkinsonian or anticholinergic agents.
Home Delivery for Pantoprazole + Domperidone in Your City
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However, we do publish a comprehensive directory of Pharmacies, Chemists and Druggists in cities all over India. You can use this directory to find the medicine stores in your city (or area) that provide home delivery services for pantoprazole + domperidone and other medicines and health products. Home delivery services for pantoprazole + domperidone may be free or they may cost you depending on the pharmacy and the minimum order requirements. It would be best to get this clarified while placing the order.
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Pantoprazole + Domperidone is a generic medicine name and there are several brands available for it. Some of the brands for pantoprazole + domperidone might be better known than pantoprazole + domperidone itself. If the pharmacy that's willing to deliver medicines to your home doesn't have pantoprazole + domperidone in stock, you can ask for one of the branded alternatives for pantoprazole + domperidone.