Magaldrate + Metoclopramide Pharmacology
Magaldrate + Metoclopramide
3. Increased urine pH
4. Decreased serum potassium levels
5. Increased serum calcium levels
2. Renal impairment or diseases
2.Shake the oral liquid well before each use.
3.Chew the chewable tablet before swallowing.
3. Reflux oesophagitis
4. Gastric hyperacidity
Suspension: 5 to 10 ml between meals and at bedtime with water
Antiemetic action: Metoclopramide inhibits Dopamine receptor in the chemoreceptor trigger zone and produces antiemetic action.
Intestinal motility modifying action: The binding of Metoclopramide on 5HT4 receptor will activate interneuron and enhance the release of acetylcholine innervating the smooth muscles. This produces gastric emptying and enhances lower esophageal sphincter tone.
Migraine: Metoclopramide is used in migraine to relieve nausea and vomiting
Anaesthetic adjuncts: It is used preoperatively in order to reduce the post operative vomiting.
Metabolism: Only a small amount undergoes hepatic metabolism. Excretion: It is excreted mainly in urine and faeces.
IM: 10 - 15 minutes
IV: 1 - 3 minutes
8.Previous history of dystonia
3. Renal impairment
4. Hepatic impairment
5. Use with caution while driving vehicles, operating machines and people involving any other dangerous activities
a)associated with various gastrointestinal disorders and migraine
b) Nausea and vomiting associated with cytotoxic chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
c) Post operative nausea and vomiting
2. Treatment of delayed gastric motility
3. Gastroesophageal reflux
4. Diagnostic procedure in gastroenterology
Alcohol, sedatives, hypnotics, narcotics or tranquilizers: Additive sedative effect may occur.
Digoxin, Cimetidine: Absorption of these drugs decreased.
Acetaminophen, Aspirin: The absorption of these agents increased.
Phenothiazines, Butyrophenone, Lithium and Thioxanthine drugs: May potentiate extrapyramidal effects.
Bromocriptine: Antagonism of hypoprolactinaemic effect of bromocryptine.
Cyclosporine: May lead to increased cyclosporine absorption, possibly increasing immunosupressive and toxic effect.
Succinylcholine: Metoclopramide may increase the neuromuscular blocking effects of succinylcholine.
ORAL: 15 - 30 mg / day in 3 divided doses.
Treatment of delayed gastric motility: 10 mg to be taken 30 minutes before each meal and at bed time for3 months. Drug is given depending upon the symptom being treated and clinical response.
Gastroesophageal reflux: 10 - 15 mg 4 times a day, drug to be taken half an hour before each meal and at bed time.
Post operative nausea and vomiting: 10 - 20 mg IM at the end of surgical procedure and repeat the dose every 4 - 6 hours if needed
Nausea and vomiting associated with cytotoxic chemotherapy or radiotherapy: 2 - 4 mg / kg as IV infusion over 15 - 30 minutes.
Maintenance dose: 3 - 5 mg / kg given over 8 hours
Maximum dose: 10 mg / kg / day.
ORAL: 0.4 mg / kg / day in 4 divided doses.
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