Phenformin Pharmacology


About Phenformin
Biguanide derivative ,Insulin Sensitizer, Oral Anti-diabetic.
Mechanism of Action of Phenformin
It is a biguanide which exerts antidiabetic action. The drug suppresses gluconeogenesis in liver and thus suppresses hepatic glucose output. It enhance insulin mediated glucose disposal in muscle and adipose tissue. It enhance GLUT1 (glucose transporter-1) transport from intracellular site to plasma membrane. It also interferes with respiratory chain in mitochondria and promotes peripheral glucose utilization by increasing anaerobic glycolysis. It inhibits intestinal absorption of glucose, other hexose sugars, amino acids and vitamin B12.
Pharmacokinets of Phenformin
Absorption: Incompletely but adequately absorbed orally, Excretion: Excreted through faeces and urine.
Onset of Action for Phenformin
Duration of Action for Phenformin
8 to 12 hours
Half Life of Phenformin
3 to 10 hours
Side Effects of Phenformin
1. Abdominal pain
2. Nausea
3. Vomiting
4. Anorexia
5. Metalic taste
6. Mild diarrhea
7. Tiredness
8. Lactic acidosis

Contra-indications of Phenformin
1. Hypersensitivity to the drug
2. Renal impairment
3. Hepatic impairment
4. Diabetic ketoacidosis
5. Cardiovascular collapse
6. Hypotensive states
7. Respiratory disease
8. Alcoholics

Special Precautions while taking Phenformin
1. Alcohol intake can precipitate severe lactic acidosis
2. Vitamin B12deficiency
3. In malnourished and deliberate individuals
4. Adrenal insufficiency
5. Pituitary insufficiency.

Pregnancy Related Information
Old Age Related Information
Use with caution
Breast Feeding Related Information
Children Related Information
Indications for Phenformin
1.Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (as adjunct to diet and exercise)
Interactions for Phenformin
Typical Dosage for Phenformin
Oral: 25 to 50mg 1 to 4 times daily; maximum up to 100mg/day
Schedule of Phenformin
Storage Requirements for Phenformin
Store at room temperature at a range of 15 to 30 degree a well closed container.
Keep out of reach of children.
Effects of Missed Dosage of Phenformin
Take the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
Effects of Overdose of Phenformin
Provide supportive measures and symptomatic treatment.

Home Delivery for Phenformin in Your City

Medicine India is just a publishing medium for medicine related information and does not provide services or sales of medicines including phenformin.

However, we do publish a comprehensive directory of Pharmacies, Chemists and Druggists in cities all over India. You can use this directory to find the medicine stores in your city (or area) that provide home delivery services for phenformin and other medicines and health products. Home delivery services for phenformin may be free or they may cost you depending on the pharmacy and the minimum order requirements. It would be best to get this clarified while placing the order.

Please be aware that you should take phenformin only if a doctor has recommended or prescribed it. Some or all pharmacies who provide a home delivery service for medicines might insist on a prescription for phenformin before they complete the sale. You can get this information while placing the order for phenformin with the pharmacy.

Phenformin is a generic medicine name and there are several brands available for it. Some of the brands for phenformin might be better known than phenformin itself. If the pharmacy that's willing to deliver medicines to your home doesn't have phenformin in stock, you can ask for one of the branded alternatives for phenformin.