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- Pharmacology For Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrate
Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrate Pharmacology
Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateAbout Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/AMechanism of Action of Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/APharmacokinets of Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/AOnset of Action for Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/ADuration of Action for Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/AHalf Life of Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/ASide Effects of Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/AContra-indications of Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/ASpecial Precautions while taking Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/APregnancy Related InformationN/AOld Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationN/AChildren Related InformationN/AIndications for Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/AInteractions for Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/ATypical Dosage for Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/ASchedule of Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/AStorage Requirements for Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/AEffects of Missed Dosage of Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/AEffects of Overdose of Miconazole + Gentamicin + Clobetasone butyrateN/A
MiconazoleAbout MiconazoleAn imidazole derivative, Broad spectrum Antifungal.Mechanism of Action of MiconazoleMiconazole is fungicidal or fungistatic depending on the drug concentrations. I t inhibits the conversion of Lanosterol to 14 demethyl Lanosterol by inhibiting the cytochromeP450 enzyme 14 alpha demethylase and impair ergosterol synthesisPharmacokinets of MiconazoleAbsorption: Oral absorption of Miconazole is poor. Distribution: It is distributed in the body in protein bound form Metabolism: It undergoes metabolism in the liver. Excretion: It is excreted in urine and faeces.Onset of Action for MiconazoleN/ADuration of Action for MiconazoleN/AHalf Life of Miconazole1 daySide Effects of Miconazole1.Vulvovaginal burning
6.Dermatitis Contra-indications of Miconazole1.Hypersensitivity to Miconazole and other Azole antifungalsSpecial Precautions while taking Miconazole1.Hepatic dysfunctionPregnancy Related InformationContraindicatedOld Age Related InformationUse with cautionBreast Feeding Related InformationContraindicatedChildren Related InformationUse with caution
Indications for Miconazole1.Tinea versicolor
10.Diaper dermatitisInteractions for MiconazoleBenzoyl peroxide: Antibacterial synergism. Typical Dosage for MiconazoleAdult: Topical use:
Cutaneous infections: Apply the cream twice daily on the affected part for about 1 month
Tinea versicolor: Apply the cream once daily on the affected part
Vaginal use: Insert 300 mg suppository at bed time for 3 days or Insert 100 mg suppository at bed time for 7 days
Cutaneous infections: Apply the cream twice daily on the affected part for about 1 month
Tinea vericolor: Apply the cream once daily on the affected part
Schedule of MiconazoleHStorage Requirements for MiconazoleThe drug should be stored at 15 - 30 degree C.Effects of Missed Dosage of MiconazoleTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
Effects of Overdose of MiconazoleGive supportive measures and treatment.
GentamicinAbout GentamicinAminoglycoside antibiotic.Mechanism of Action of GentamicinGentamicin exerts its bactericidal action against gram negative organisms & some of gram positive organisms by inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis. The process involves 1. Penetration of bacterial cell membrane & binding directly to the bacterial ribosome, 2. Misleading of m-RNA codon by bacterial ribosome, 3. Formation of peptide chains with wrong amino acid sequence which gets incorporated into bacterial cell membrane and alters its permeability, 4. Bacterial cell lysis. Some bacterial strains resistant to other amino glycosides are sensitive to Gentamicin.
Pharmacokinets of GentamicinAbsorption: Poorly absorbed orally
Distribution: Distributed extracellularly. CSF penetration & intraocular penetration poor.
Metabolism: Not metabolized
Excretion: Excreted mainly through urine.
Onset of Action for Gentamicin1 hour
Duration of Action for Gentamicin8 hoursHalf Life of Gentamicin2 hoursSide Effects of Gentamicin1. Vestibular damage & Ototoxicity
2. Allergic manifestations
Contra-indications of Gentamicin1. Hypersensitive to the drug or other amino glycosides
2. Along with chloramphenicol or tetracycline
3. Renal impairment
4. Labyrinthine disorders
Special Precautions while taking Gentamicin1. Renal impairment
2. Neuromuscular disorders
Pregnancy Related InformationContraindicatedOld Age Related InformationUse with caution
Breast Feeding Related InformationContraindicated
Children Related InformationUse with caution
Infants : Use with caution
Indications for Gentamicin1. Infections caused by staphylococci, pseudomonas, proteous, klebsiella, enterobacter & serratia.
4. Urinary Tract Infections.
5. Otitis & Ocular infections.
6. Infections of burns & Skin ulcers
Interactions for GentamicinAmphotericin B, Cisplatin, Cephalosporin, Vancomycin, Methoxyflurane, Frusemide, Bumetanide: Increased nephrotoxicity.
Anaesthetics, Neuromuscular blocking agents (Tubocurarine): Risk of neuromuscular blockade and respiratory paralysis.
Penicillin, Cephalosporins, Carbenicillin, Ticarcillin: Exert antibiotic synergism, especially useful in Pseudomonas infections.
Loop diuretics: Concurrent use of these agents may increase the risk of respiratory paralysis and renal dysfunction.
Lab Tests: Aminoglycoside serum levels: Guard against in vitro inactivation of aminoglycosides by b-lactum antibiotics in patients on combination therapy.Typical Dosage for GentamicinDosage:
Adults: 2 to 5mg/kg/day; Thrice daily for a week or more
Children: 2 to 2.5mg/kg; Thrice daily.
Schedule of GentamicinHStorage Requirements for GentamicinStore below 30 degree Celsius and protect from light.Effects of Missed Dosage of GentamicinTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time to next dose then skip the missed dose.Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of GentamicinAn overdose results in ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, neuromuscular disorders & hypersensitivity manifestations.Treatment includes removal of drug by dialysis or by treatment with anticholinesterase like neostigmine and by administration of Ca , Prednisolone etc.
Clobetasone butyrateAbout Clobetasone butyrateA new corticosteroid, Anti inflammatory.Mechanism of Action of Clobetasone butyrateClobetasone is a topical corticosteroid. It induces peptide Lipocortins which inhibit the enzyme Phospholipase A2. Phospholipase A2 is essential for the conversion of membrane phospholipids to Arachidonic acid. From this Arachidonic acid inflammatory mediators like prostaglandins, kinins, histamine, liposomal enzymes and the complement system are produced. By inhibiting Phospholipase A2 inflammatory mediators are not released. It also inhibits the migration of macrophages and leukocytes to the inflamed area by its vasoconstrictive properties. Corticosteroids also inhibit capillary production, collagen deposition and keloid (scar) formation on the inflamed area. Thus inhibiting inflammatory mediators and other actions Clobetasone are used for anti-inflammatory conditions.
Pharmacokinets of Clobetasone butyrateAbsorption: Clobetasone is absorbed through intact skin after topical administration and the amount absorbed is depending on the type of inflammation, vehicle used and the epidermal barrierOnset of Action for Clobetasone butyrateN/ADuration of Action for Clobetasone butyrateN/AHalf Life of Clobetasone butyrateN/ASide Effects of Clobetasone butyrate1.Thinning of epidermis
5.Atrophy (Dermal changes)
11.Cataract, Glaucoma, Corneal ulcers Caused by application around eyelids and surrounding skinContra-indications of Clobetasone butyrate1.Hypersensitivity to Clobetasone and other corticosteroids
5.Tuberculosis infection of the skin
6.Viral, fungal or bacterial primary infections
7.UlcersSpecial Precautions while taking Clobetasone butyrate1.Avoid application on large surface area
4.Avoid contact with eyes
5.Avoid occlusive dressing
6.Not used more than 5 days on the face or in the children, 6. For external use onlyPregnancy Related InformationUse with cautionOld Age Related InformationUse with cautionBreast Feeding Related InformationUse with cautionChildren Related InformationUse with caution
NEONATES: contraindicatedIndications for Clobetasone butyrateSkin disorders.
5.Intertrigo (Inflammation in the skin folds)
7.Allergy or irritant dermatitis
8.Dermatoses (secondary infected)
9.Reaction to insect bite and stings
Interactions for Clobetasone butyrateN/ATypical Dosage for Clobetasone butyrateTopical: Clobetasone 0.05 % cream is used. Apply the medicament thinly and evenly on the affected area 3- 4 times daily. Maximum drug100 g / weekSchedule of Clobetasone butyrateN/AStorage Requirements for Clobetasone butyrateStore at room temperature. Protect from heat and light. Keep out of the reach of childrenEffects of Missed Dosage of Clobetasone butyrateApply the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of Clobetasone butyrateGive supportive measures and symptomatic treatment.
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