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- Pharmacology For Clotrimazole + Tinidazole
Clotrimazole + Tinidazole Pharmacology
Clotrimazole + TinidazoleAbout Clotrimazole + TinidazoleN/AMechanism of Action of Clotrimazole + TinidazoleN/APharmacokinets of Clotrimazole + TinidazoleN/AOnset of Action for Clotrimazole + TinidazoleN/ADuration of Action for Clotrimazole + TinidazoleN/AHalf Life of Clotrimazole + TinidazoleN/ASide Effects of Clotrimazole + TinidazoleN/AContra-indications of Clotrimazole + TinidazoleN/ASpecial Precautions while taking Clotrimazole + TinidazoleN/APregnancy Related InformationUse with caution.Old Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationContrainidicated; since Tinidazole is contraindicated in breast feeding, the combination generic cannot be used in breast feeding.Children Related InformationN/AIndications for Clotrimazole + TinidazoleBacterial vaginosisInteractions for Clotrimazole + TinidazoleN/ATypical Dosage for Clotrimazole + TinidazoleInsert the pessary in to the vagina.Schedule of Clotrimazole + TinidazoleN/AStorage Requirements for Clotrimazole + TinidazoleN/AEffects of Missed Dosage of Clotrimazole + TinidazoleN/AEffects of Overdose of Clotrimazole + TinidazoleN/A
ClotrimazoleAbout ClotrimazoleA broad-spectrum antifungal antibiotic, imidazole derivative, Oral Nonabsorbed Antifungal Agent.Mechanism of Action of ClotrimazoleClotrimazole is fungicidal or fungistatic depending on the drug concentrations. It inhibits the conversion of Lanosterol to 14 demethyl Lanosterol by inhibiting the cytochromeP450 enzyme 14 alpha demethylase and impair ergosterol synthesis which is an essential constituent of cell membrane. Inhibition of ergosterol synthesis will alter the membrane permeability of the susceptible fungus and kill or inhibit them.Pharmacokinets of ClotrimazoleAbsorption: Absorption is minimal after topical administration.Onset of Action for ClotrimazoleN/ADuration of Action for Clotrimazole3 hoursHalf Life of ClotrimazoleN/ASide Effects of Clotrimazole1.Stinging
Contra-indications of ClotrimazoleHypersensitivity to ClotrimazoleSpecial Precautions while taking Clotrimazole1.Avoid contact with eyes, nose and mouth.
2.Do not wear occlusive dress over the medicament.
Pregnancy Related InformationUse with caution.Old Age Related InformationUse with caution.Breast Feeding Related InformationUse with caution.Children Related InformationUse with caution.
NEONATES: contraindicatedIndications for Clotrimazole1.Tinea pedis
Interactions for ClotrimazolePolyene Antibiotics : Antagonises effects of polyene antibiotics.Typical Dosage for ClotrimazoleTopical: Clotrimazole cream, lotion and solution 1 % is used.
Clean and dry the affected area and apply the medicament with gentle massage 2 -3 times daily for 2 - 4 weeks.
Vaginal candidiasis: Insert 1 applicator full (vaginal cream 1%) intravaginally at night for 1 -2 weeks.
Vaginal tablets 100. 200 and 500mg tablet is available.
Vulvovaginal candidiasis: Insert 100mg tablet intravaginally at bed time for 7 consecutive days or 200 mg tablet for 3 consecutive days or 500 mg tablet for 1 day at night.
Oral lozenge 10 mg is available
Oropharyngeal candidiasis: 1 lozenge orally 5 times daily for 2 weeks
Prophylaxis of Oropharyngeal candidiasis: 1 lozenge is used 3 times daily
Gel: Insert with an applicator intravaginally at night for 1 - 2 weeks.
Powder (1% w/ w): dusted over the body parts as required
Schedule of ClotrimazoleHStorage Requirements for ClotrimazoleStore at room temperature (15 - 25 degree C). Protect from heat and moisture. Keep out of the reach of childrenEffects of Missed Dosage of ClotrimazoleApply the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of ClotrimazoleGive supportive measures and symptomatic treatment.
TinidazoleAbout TinidazoleNitroimidazole antibiotic, Antibacterial, antiprotozoal.Mechanism of Action of TinidazoleTinidazole is nitro imidazole which has broad spectrum cidal activity against Protozoa and some anaerobic bacteria. Its selective toxicity to anaerobic microbes involves 1. Drug enters the cell by diffusion, 2. Nitro group of drug is reduced by redox proteins present only in anaerobic organisms to reactive nitro radical which excerts cytotoxic action by damaging DNA and other critical biomolecules. 3. .DNA helix destabilization &strand breakage has been observed.Pharmacokinets of TinidazoleAbsorption: Well absorbed orally, Distribution: Widely distributed,
Metabolism: Metabolized in liver by oxidation &glucuronide conjugation, Excretion: Excreted in urine.
Onset of Action for TinidazoleWithin few hoursDuration of Action for Tinidazole16 hoursHalf Life of Tinidazole12 hoursSide Effects of Tinidazole1.Anorexia
15.Peripheral neuropathy & CNS effects,
Contra-indications of Tinidazole1.Hypersensitivity to the drug
Special Precautions while taking Tinidazole1.Hepatic impairment
3.Obstructive liver diseases
4. Use cautiously along with other hepatotoxic drugs & In visual field changes
5. Avoid alcohol use during therapy
Pregnancy Related InformationUse with caution, but contra indicated in first trimesterOld Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationContraindicatedChildren Related InformationN/AIndications for Tinidazole1.Amoebiasis
4.Anaerobic bacterial infections
5.Prophylactic agent after colorectal surgery
6.H. pylori infections
Interactions for TinidazoleAlcohol: Disulfiram like reaction.
Ampicillin, Doxycycline and Cotrimoxaole: Synergism with these agents.Typical Dosage for TinidazoleAmoebiasis:
Adults: 2gm once daily for 3 days
Children: 30 to 50mg/kg/day or 600mg 12hourly for 5 to 10 days
Trichomoniasis & Giardiasis:
600mg once daily for a week or 2gm single dose
Anaerobic bacterial infections:
2 gm followed by 500mg 12 hourly for 5 days
Prophylaxis after colorectal surgery:
2gm single dose before surgery
H. pylori infections:
0.5gm 12hourly for 7 to14 days in triple combination
Schedule of TinidazoleHStorage Requirements for TinidazoleStore at room temperature at a range of 15 to 30 degree C. Protect from excess heat and moisture.Effects of Missed Dosage of TinidazoleTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of TinidazoleTreatment is supportive & symptomatic. Drug is removed by induced emesis, gastric lavage, and administration of activated charcoal &use of cathartics. For controlling seizures diazepam & phenytoin may be used
Home Delivery for Clotrimazole + Tinidazole in Your City
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Clotrimazole + Tinidazole is a generic medicine name and there are several brands available for it. Some of the brands for clotrimazole + tinidazole might be better known than clotrimazole + tinidazole itself. If the pharmacy that's willing to deliver medicines to your home doesn't have clotrimazole + tinidazole in stock, you can ask for one of the branded alternatives for clotrimazole + tinidazole.