Chlorhexidine + Metronidazole Pharmacology
Chlorhexidine + Metronidazole
2.Promote gum healing after surgery
6.Prevent plaque build-up on the teeth
Distribution- 87% bound to the plasma proteins.
Excretion- Excreted through feces.
3. Enlarged gums
5. Congestion or tightness in chest
7. Staining of teeth
8. Calculus formation above the gum line
2. To minimize the staining apply drug with the hollow cup brush tip of the Rota-dent perio tool to only the gum tissue, especially focus on the areas with pockets depths over 4mm
3. You may also alternate drug with custom bleaching trays at home
2. Acute and chronic otitis externa (ear infection/inflammation)
3. Periodontal disease
4. Superficial skin infections
5. Irrigation (cleansing) of wounds and as a medicated shampoo for the treatment of certain skin conditions (hot spots or acute moist dermatitis
Otic (ear) solutions - 1 percent.
Chlorhexidine solutions - 2 percent.
Chlorhexidine shampoo and conditioner 1 and 2 percent.
As an ear-cleansing agent - flush the ear canal once a day in cases of diagnosed otitis externa.
For skin conditions - clean the area twice daily.
For gingivitis - Chlorhexidine oral solution is applied as directed once a day. In the morning brush and floss for 2 minutes and than rinse with Chlorhexidine for 30 seconds.
Use 1/2 fl. oz. of undiluted. Swish in mouth for 30 seconds. After rinsing for 30 seconds be sure to spit out all the rinse, do NOT swallow any of the rinse. To minimize medicinal taste, DO NOT rinse with water immediately after use. In the evening brush and floss and rinse again for 30 seconds.
Chlorhexidine shampoo and conditioner - once or twice a week.
Pellet (extended-release), Periochip (in a biodegradable matrix of hydrolyzed gelatin cross-linked with glutaraldehyde), Cream, Dressing, Gel, Lotion, Ointment, Sponge forms are also available.
Metabolism: Metabolized in liver by oxidation & glucuronide conjugation, Excretion: Excreted in urine.
7.Looseness of stool.
8.Peripheral neuropathy &CNS effects.
16.Thrombophlebitis at site of injection
4.Use cautiously along with other hepatotoxic drugs & In visual field changes
First trimester:contra indicated
4.Pseudo membranous enterocolitis
5.Anaerobic bacterial infections after surgery, Brain abscess, & Endocarditis
6.Helicobacter pylori infections
Alcohol: A disulfiram-like reaction. Abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, headache & flushing.
Disulfiram: Acute psychotic reaction or confusional state.
Phenobarbital & Phenytoin: Increased metabolism of metronidazole resulting in decreased efficacy.
Lithium: Increased lithium levels and toxicity.
Flurouracil: Increased toxicity of flurouracil.
Lab tests: May interfere with chemical analysis for AST,SGOT, ALT, SGPT, LDH, triglycerides and hexokinase glucose. Zero values may occur.
Amoebiasis:400 to 800 mg 8hourly for 5 to 10days depending up on the severity of infection
In severe infections and liver abscess: 1gm as slow I.V. infusion followed by 0.5 gm twice daily till oral therapy is started
Giardiasis:200mg 8hourly for 1week or 2gm/day for 3days or I.V.500mg thrice daily
Trichomonas vaginitis: 400mg 8 hourly for a week or 2gm once daily for a week.
Male partner should be concurrently treated with the drug
Pseudo membranous enterocolitis:800 mg 8hourly
Anaerobic bacterial infections after surgery, Brain abscess, & Endocarditis:400 to 800 mg 8hourly
In severe cases: 15mg/kg I.V. infusion for 1hour followed by 7.5mg/kg 4 times daily till oral therapy is substituted
Helicobacter pylori infections:400mg 8hourly along with amoxicillin/clarithromycin and a proton pump inhibitor
Ulcerative gingivitis:200 to 800mg 8hourly
Amoebiasis: 30 to 50mg/kg/day for 5to10 days.
Giardiasis:10 to 15mg/kg/day thrice daily
Children (below 12years): 7.5mg/kg I.V.
Home Delivery for Chlorhexidine + Metronidazole in Your City
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However, we do publish a comprehensive directory of Pharmacies, Chemists and Druggists in cities all over India. You can use this directory to find the medicine stores in your city (or area) that provide home delivery services for chlorhexidine + metronidazole and other medicines and health products. Home delivery services for chlorhexidine + metronidazole may be free or they may cost you depending on the pharmacy and the minimum order requirements. It would be best to get this clarified while placing the order.
Please be aware that you should take chlorhexidine + metronidazole only if a doctor has recommended or prescribed it. Some or all pharmacies who provide a home delivery service for medicines might insist on a prescription for chlorhexidine + metronidazole before they complete the sale. You can get this information while placing the order for chlorhexidine + metronidazole with the pharmacy.
Chlorhexidine + Metronidazole is a generic medicine name and there are several brands available for it. Some of the brands for chlorhexidine + metronidazole might be better known than chlorhexidine + metronidazole itself. If the pharmacy that's willing to deliver medicines to your home doesn't have chlorhexidine + metronidazole in stock, you can ask for one of the branded alternatives for chlorhexidine + metronidazole.