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- Pharmacology For Dicyclomine + Nimesulide
Dicyclomine + Nimesulide Pharmacology
Dicyclomine + NimesulideAbout Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/AMechanism of Action of Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/APharmacokinets of Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/AOnset of Action for Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/ADuration of Action for Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/AHalf Life of Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/ASide Effects of Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/AContra-indications of Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/ASpecial Precautions while taking Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/APregnancy Related InformationN/AOld Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationN/AChildren Related InformationN/AIndications for Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/AInteractions for Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/ATypical Dosage for Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/ASchedule of Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/AStorage Requirements for Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/AEffects of Missed Dosage of Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/AEffects of Overdose of Dicyclomine + NimesulideN/A
DicyclomineAbout DicyclomineAnticholinergic ,Antimuscarinic, Antispasmodic and in urinary incontinence.Mechanism of Action of DicyclomineDicyclomine is an anticholinergic drug. It exerts its action by inhibiting muscarinic (((cholinergic))) receptors on smooth muscles and prevents the effect of Acetylcholine. Inhibition of Acetylcholine produces relaxation of smooth muscles of gastrointestinal tract and genitourinary tract and reduces the painful spasm and cramp. It inhibits gastrointestinal propulsive motility and reduces gastric acid secretion. It also has a direct relaxant effect on smooth muscle. It readily crosses the blood brain barrier and produces CNS effects.Pharmacokinets of DicyclomineAbsorption: About 70 % of the drug is absorbed after oral administration.
Distribution: It is extensively distributed in tissue mainly in protein bound (((99%))) form. It readily crosses blood brain barrier.
Metabolism: Dicyclomine undergoes hepatic metabolism
Excretion: It is excreted mainly in the urine and small amount in the faeces.
Onset of Action for Dicyclomine1-2 hours.Duration of Action for Dicyclomine4-6 hours.Half Life of Dicyclomine1.8 hours (((initial phase))). 9 - 10 hours (((secondary phase)))Side Effects of Dicyclomine1.Constipation
11.Increased intraocular pressure
Contra-indications of Dicyclomine1.Hypersensitivity to Dicyclomine and other anticholinergic drugs
2.Narrow angle glaucoma
3.Obstructive gastro intestinal tract
6.Severe ulcerative colitis
8.Unstable cardiovascular status in acute haemorrhage
Special Precautions while taking Dicyclomine1.Renal impairment
5.Hiatus hernia associated
11.Coronary artery disease
Pregnancy Related InformationUse with caution.Old Age Related InformationUse with caution.Breast Feeding Related InformationContraindicatedChildren Related InformationUse with caution.
NEONATES: contraindicatedIndications for Dicyclomine1. Irritable bowel syndrome
Interactions for DicyclomineN/ATypical Dosage for DicyclomineAdult:
Oral: 80 mg / day in 4 divided doses 30 - 60 minutes before meals. Depending on the patient`s response dose can be increased to 160 mg / day in 4 divided doses after 1 week.
Infant colic: 5 - 10 mg every 6 - 8 hours, 15 minutes before each feed; dose is depending on the patient`s response and age.
Schedule of DicyclomineHStorage Requirements for DicyclomineStore at 15 - 30 degree C in a tightly closed container. Protect from light.Keep out of the reach of children
Effects of Missed Dosage of DicyclomineTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of DicyclomineGive supportive measures and symptomatic treatment. Drug can be removed from the body by gastric lavage or by inducing emesis. Absorption of the drug can be reduced by administration of activated charcoal. Physostigmine is given to block the overdose symptoms of Dicyclomine.
NimesulideAbout NimesulideCOX-2 selective NSAID, Analgesic,antipyretic.Mechanism of Action of NimesulideThis Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drug reduces prostaglandin synthesis by the inhibition of cyclo oxygenase enzyme2 selectively. This is a weaker inhibition .So it produces weaker analgesic property. Its potent anti-inflammatory activity is due to its action on various stages of inflammation. This leads to the inhibition of super oxide anion formation invitro by activated neutrophil, inhibition of histamine release from tissue mast cells and basophiles. Additionally it also prevents platelet activating factor synthesis and metalloproteinase synthesis thus prevents the breakdown of osteoarthritic human cartilage. It also prevent tumor necrosis factor alpha and thus reduce the formation of cytokines. This drug can activate glucocorticoid receptors in the body.Pharmacokinets of NimesulideAbsorption-Completely absorbed after oral administration.
Distribution-Widely distributed in the body and extensively bind to the plasma proteins i.e.99%.
Metabolism-It is metabolized in liver to its metabolites.4-hydroxyl derivative is its one active metabolite.
Excretion - Excreted via urine and bile.
Onset of Action for Nimesulide30 to 60 minutesDuration of Action for Nimesulide8-10 hoursHalf Life of NimesulideIts plasma half life is long-nearly 2daysSide Effects of Nimesulide1. Nausea
4. Heart burn
5. Epigastric pain
7. Skin rash
Contra-indications of Nimesulide1. Hypersensitivity to this drug
2. Active peptic ulcer
3. Hepatic impairment
Special Precautions while taking Nimesulide1. Renal impairment
2. Heart failure
3. Alcohol abuse
5. Crohns disease
7. Gastric ulcer
8. Diabetis mellitus
10. Hepatic failure
11. Rectal irritation or bleeding
Pregnancy Related InformationContraindicatedOld Age Related InformationUse with cautionBreast Feeding Related InformationContraindicatedChildren Related InformationUse with cautionIndications for Nimesulide1. Painful inflammatory conditions associated with -
Musculoskeletal system, Dysmenorrhea, Thrombophlebitis, Gout
2. Dental pain
3. ENT infection
5. Rheumatoid arthritis
6. Gynecological disorder
7. Low back pain
8. Post operative pain
Interactions for NimesulideFenofibrate, Salicyclic acid, Valproic acid and Tolbutamide: These drugs displace nimesulide from the plasma binding sites.
Methotrexate and Frusemide: These drugs may be displaced from plasma proteins by nimesulide.
Warfarin: Exercise caution since efficacy may be increased.
Theophylline: Efficacy of slow release theophylline preparations reduced. Typical Dosage for NimesulideOral-
Adults - 100 mg two times daily.
Children - 5mg/kg/day divided in 2 or 3 doses.
Schedule of NimesulideHStorage Requirements for NimesulideStore in cool, dark, dry placeEffects of Missed Dosage of NimesulideTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose
Effects of Overdose of NimesulideEmpty the stomach if necessary. Symptomatic treatment should be given
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