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- Pharmacology For Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone Iodine
Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone Iodine Pharmacology
Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineAbout Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineN/AMechanism of Action of Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineN/APharmacokinets of Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineN/AOnset of Action for Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineN/ADuration of Action for Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineN/AHalf Life of Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineN/ASide Effects of Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineN/AContra-indications of Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineN/ASpecial Precautions while taking Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineN/APregnancy Related InformationN/AOld Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationN/AChildren Related InformationN/AIndications for Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone Iodine1.Wound Infections
3.Post Cosmetic & Plastic Surgery
5.Post-Episiotomy Dressing & Post-Surgical Dressing
6.Chronic Infected Non-healing Ulcers
7.Diabetic Foot Ulcers
10.Abrasions & Lacerations
Interactions for Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineN/ATypical Dosage for Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineTo be applied 3-4 times daily till recovery or As directed by physician.
Schedule of Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineN/AStorage Requirements for Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineN/AEffects of Missed Dosage of Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineN/AEffects of Overdose of Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone IodineN/A
SucralfateAbout SucralfatePepsin inhibitor, Anti-secretory, Gastrointestinal Agent, antiulcer.Mechanism of Action of SucralfateSucralfate is a complex of sucrose, sulfate and aluminium hydroxide. In the stomach (pH<4) Sucralfate undergoes polymerization and form viscous sticky polymers that adhere to the surface of ulcers and coat the ulcer.
It also protects the ulcer surface from further injury by inhibiting the enzyme pepsin which hydrolysis mucosal proteins. Sucralfate increases the production of Prostaglandins and protect the lining of the stomach. It also binds to the epithelial growth factor and Fibroblast factor and repair the mechanism of stomach lining.
Pharmacokinets of SucralfateAbsorption: Sucralfate is poorly absorbed after oral administration.
Distribution: It is mainly distributed to the ulcer site and the absorbed drug is distributed to body tissues.
Excretion: It is excreted mainly in the faeces and the absorbed drug is excreted in the urine.
Onset of Action for SucralfateWith in minutesDuration of Action for Sucralfate6 hoursHalf Life of SucralfateN/ASide Effects of Sucralfate1. Constipation
7. Abdominal discomfort
Contra-indications of Sucralfate1. Hypersensitivity to SucralfateSpecial Precautions while taking Sucralfate1. Chronic renal failure
3. Monitor gastric malignancy
Pregnancy Related InformationUse with cautionOld Age Related InformationUse with cautionBreast Feeding Related InformationUse with cautionChildren Related InformationContraindicated
Indications for Sucralfate1. Duodenal ulcer
2. Gastric ulcer
3. Stress ulcer
4. Chronic gastritis
Interactions for SucralfateAntibacterials (ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin and tetracycline), Antiepileptics (phenytoin), Antifungals (ketoconazole), Cardiac glycosides (digoxin), Thyroxine: Sucralfate may reduce the absorption of these drugs.
Anticoagulants: Reduced efficacy of warfarin.
Antacids (aluminium containing) :Total body burden of aluminium may be increased.
Cimetidine, Ranitidine and Theophylline: Reduced bioavailability of these drugs.
Quinidine: Serum quinidine levels may be reduced.Typical Dosage for SucralfateAdult:
Oral dose: 4 g / day in 2 - 4 divided doses drug to be taken 1 hour before meals and at bed time.
Suspension: 10 ml to be taken 4 times daily.
Children: not recommended
Schedule of SucralfateHStorage Requirements for SucralfateStore at 15 - 30 degree C in a tightly closed container. Protect from light.Effects of Missed Dosage of SucralfateTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of SucralfateGive supportive measures and symptomatic treatment.
TinidazoleAbout TinidazoleNitroimidazole antibiotic, Antibacterial, antiprotozoal.Mechanism of Action of TinidazoleTinidazole is nitro imidazole which has broad spectrum cidal activity against Protozoa and some anaerobic bacteria. Its selective toxicity to anaerobic microbes involves 1. Drug enters the cell by diffusion, 2. Nitro group of drug is reduced by redox proteins present only in anaerobic organisms to reactive nitro radical which excerts cytotoxic action by damaging DNA and other critical biomolecules. 3. .DNA helix destabilization &strand breakage has been observed.Pharmacokinets of TinidazoleAbsorption: Well absorbed orally, Distribution: Widely distributed,
Metabolism: Metabolized in liver by oxidation &glucuronide conjugation, Excretion: Excreted in urine.
Onset of Action for TinidazoleWithin few hoursDuration of Action for Tinidazole16 hoursHalf Life of Tinidazole12 hoursSide Effects of Tinidazole1.Anorexia
15.Peripheral neuropathy & CNS effects,
Contra-indications of Tinidazole1.Hypersensitivity to the drug
Special Precautions while taking Tinidazole1.Hepatic impairment
3.Obstructive liver diseases
4. Use cautiously along with other hepatotoxic drugs & In visual field changes
5. Avoid alcohol use during therapy
Pregnancy Related InformationUse with caution, but contra indicated in first trimesterOld Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationContraindicatedChildren Related InformationN/AIndications for Tinidazole1.Amoebiasis
4.Anaerobic bacterial infections
5.Prophylactic agent after colorectal surgery
6.H. pylori infections
Interactions for TinidazoleAlcohol: Disulfiram like reaction.
Ampicillin, Doxycycline and Cotrimoxaole: Synergism with these agents.Typical Dosage for TinidazoleAmoebiasis:
Adults: 2gm once daily for 3 days
Children: 30 to 50mg/kg/day or 600mg 12hourly for 5 to 10 days
Trichomoniasis & Giardiasis:
600mg once daily for a week or 2gm single dose
Anaerobic bacterial infections:
2 gm followed by 500mg 12 hourly for 5 days
Prophylaxis after colorectal surgery:
2gm single dose before surgery
H. pylori infections:
0.5gm 12hourly for 7 to14 days in triple combination
Schedule of TinidazoleHStorage Requirements for TinidazoleStore at room temperature at a range of 15 to 30 degree C. Protect from excess heat and moisture.Effects of Missed Dosage of TinidazoleTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of TinidazoleTreatment is supportive & symptomatic. Drug is removed by induced emesis, gastric lavage, and administration of activated charcoal &use of cathartics. For controlling seizures diazepam & phenytoin may be used
Povidone IodineAbout Povidone IodineIodine preparation, External broad microbicidal spectrum antiseptic.Mechanism of Action of Povidone IodinePovidone iodine is an iodophore antiseptic and is a microbicidal drug. It releases iodine from its complex and produces pharmacological actions. The released iodine produces antiseptic actions. Iodine is highly reactive with surrounding and has strong oxidizing effect on functional groups of amino acids (-NH 2, -SH etc.), Nucleotides, and fatty acids (double bond of unsaturated fatty acids). Interaction of Iodine with these groups in a cell results in disintegration of the cytoplasm, enzyme denaturation, loss of integrity in the bacterial cell membrane and fungal cell wall .These will leads to destruction of microbial protein and DNA and finally kills the microbes.Pharmacokinets of Povidone IodineAbsorption: It is poorly absorbed through intact skin but absorption is enhanced through denuded skin.Onset of Action for Povidone IodineImmediate.Duration of Action for Povidone IodineN/AHalf Life of Povidone IodineN/ASide Effects of Povidone Iodine1.Local irritation
Contra-indications of Povidone Iodine1. Hypersensitivity to Povidone iodine and other preparations containing iodine
2. Thyroid disorders - goiter, hypothyroidism
3. Application to large areas of skin
4. Patient on Lithium therapy
Special Precautions while taking Povidone Iodine1. Hepatic impairment
2. If irritation or redness develops stop the drug use
3. Avoid contact with eyes
Pregnancy Related InformationUse with cautionOld Age Related InformationUse with cautionBreast Feeding Related InformationUse with caution.Children Related InformationUse with caution.
Below 2 years: contraindicated
NEONATES: contraindicatedIndications for Povidone IodineAs antiseptic in
5. Otitis externa
6. Tinea infestations
7. Wound infections
8. Post surgical dressings
9. Cutaneous candidiasis
11. Vaginal candidiasis
12. Oral candidiasis
13. Oral hygiene
Interactions for Povidone IodineLab tests: May interfere with thyroid function tests.Typical Dosage for Povidone IodineTopical
Ointment (5% w/w Povidone iodine), Cream (5% w/w Povidone iodine). Spray(5 - 10 % w / v Povidone iodine solution), Solution (5 - 7.5 % w/ v Povidone iodine solution) and Powder( 5% w/w Povidone iodine)
Thoroughly clean and dry the area. Apply the drug. Cover with a bandage.
Oral candidiasis: 1% mouthwash solution rinse mouth with this solution
Oral hygiene: 0.1 % of 10 ml solution (undiluted or diluted with equal quantity of warm water solution) rinse mouth with this for 30 seconds 4 times daily for 2 weeks
Surgical scrub: 7.5 % w/v solution
Wet hands with water. Pour about 1 teaspoonful of Scrub on the palm of the hand and spread over both hands and
scrub thoroughly for about 5 minutes.
Use a brush if desired. Clean thoroughly under fingernails.
Add a little water and develop copious suds. Rinse thoroughly under running water.
Repeat the entire procedure.
Vaginal candidiasis: 200 mg as pessaries. Insert 2 pessaries in vagina at night and continue for 2 weeks
Schedule of Povidone IodineN/AStorage Requirements for Povidone IodineStore in a cool dry place. Protect from direct light and heat. Keep out of reach of childrenEffects of Missed Dosage of Povidone IodineApply the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of Povidone IodineGive supportive measures and symptomatic treatment.
Home Delivery for Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone Iodine in Your City
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Sucralfate + Tinidazole + Povidone Iodine is a generic medicine name and there are several brands available for it. Some of the brands for sucralfate + tinidazole + povidone iodine might be better known than sucralfate + tinidazole + povidone iodine itself. If the pharmacy that's willing to deliver medicines to your home doesn't have sucralfate + tinidazole + povidone iodine in stock, you can ask for one of the branded alternatives for sucralfate + tinidazole + povidone iodine.