- Medicine India
- Generic Medicines
- Pharmacology For Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12
Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12 Pharmacology
Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12About Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/AMechanism of Action of Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/APharmacokinets of Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/AOnset of Action for Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/ADuration of Action for Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/AHalf Life of Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/ASide Effects of Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/AContra-indications of Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/ASpecial Precautions while taking Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/APregnancy Related InformationUse with cautionOld Age Related InformationMay be usedBreast Feeding Related InformationUse with cautionChildren Related InformationUse with cautionIndications for Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B121.Prevention & treatment of diabetic neuropathy, diabetic retinopathy, peripheral neuropathy, cardiac autonomic neuropathy & hyperhomocystinemia-induced cardiovascular events.
Interactions for Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/ATypical Dosage for Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/ASchedule of Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/AStorage Requirements for Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/AEffects of Missed Dosage of Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/AEffects of Overdose of Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12N/A
Vit B6About Vit B6Physiological functions: It is involved as a coenzyme (Pyridoxal phosphate) in metabolism of tryptophan, in several metabolic transformations of amino acids including transamination, decarboxylation & racemization.
Deficiency symptoms: Peripheral neuritis, seizures, stomatitis, glossitis, anaemia, seborrhea like lesions.Mechanism of Action of Vit B6Vitamin B6 is a collective term for Pyridoxine, Pyridoxal, Pyridoxamine and their phosphorylated derivatives such as Pyridoxine phosphate, Pyridoxal phosphate and Pyridoxamine derivatives respectively. Vitamin B6 is essential for the metabolism of amino acid, glycogen and fatty acids, for nerve functions, for the formation of red blood cells and also helps the skin healthy. Vitamin B6 is also used for the synthesis of nucleic acid, Haemoglobin, Sphingomyelin, other Sphingolipids, Serotonin, Dopamine, Noradrenaline and GABA.Pharmacokinets of Vit B6Absorption: Vitamin B6 is readily absorbed after oral administration.
Distribution: It is mainly distributed in the body in protein bound form. It is stored primarily in the liver and to a lesser extent muscle and brain.
Metabolism: It is metabolised in the liver
Onset of Action for Vit B6N/ADuration of Action for Vit B6N/AHalf Life of Vit B615-20 daysSide Effects of Vit B61. Neuropathy
2. Unstable gait
4. Perioral numbness
6. Numbness of feet
8. Sensory neuropathy
Contra-indications of Vit B61. Hypersensitivity to Vitamin B6Special Precautions while taking Vit B6N/APregnancy Related InformationMay be usedOld Age Related InformationMay be usedBreast Feeding Related InformationUse with cautionChildren Related InformationUse with caution
Indications for Vit B61. Vitamin B6 deficiency including inadequate diet and drug induced causes
3. Premenstrual syndrome
4. Hyperoxaluria type 1
5. Metabolic disorder
6. Isoniazid poisoning
Interactions for Vit B6Cycloserine, Hydralazine, Isoniazide, Oral contraceptive, Penicillamine: Increase Pyridoxine requirement.
Levodopa: Pyridoxine reverses the therapeutic effect of Levodopa.
Phenobarbital, Phenytoin: Pyridoxine decreases serum level of these anticonvulsants.
Typical Dosage for Vit B6Adult: 10 - 20 mg / day
Dietary deficiency: 2.5 -10 mg / day for effective therapeutic response is obtained.
Maintenance dose: 2 - 5 mg / day for several weeks.
Drug induced deficiency: 100 - 200 mg / day for 3 weeks.
Maintenance dose: 25 - 100 mg / day
Neuropathy: 50 - 200 mg /day
Premenstrual syndrome: 40 - 500 mg / day
Hyperoxaluria type 1: 25 - 300 mg / day
Metabolic disorder: 100-500 mg /day.
Isoniazid poisoning: Initial dose: 1 - 4 g as IV administration, then 1 g IM every 30 minute until Pyridoxine dose is equal to the Isoniazid dose has been given.
Schedule of Vit B6N/AStorage Requirements for Vit B6Store it at 15 - 30 degree C. Protect from moisture and heat.Effects of Missed Dosage of Vit B6Take the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of Vit B6Give supportive measures and symptomatic treatment. The signs of Pyridoxine overdose can be resolved by discontinuation (withdrawal) of Pyridoxine.
Vit B1About Vit B1
Physiological functions: Thiamine pyrophosphate is a coenzyme and the active form of vitamin B. It functions as coenzyme in decarboxylation of a-keto acid and in Hexose Monophosphate shunt.
Deficiency symptoms: In severe vitamin B1 deficiency beriberi develops. It is of two types:
a) Wet beriberi
b) Dry beriberi
Wet beriberi: In this the symptoms are related to the cardiovascular system and they are palpitations, tachycardia, dyspnoea, ECG changes, oedema, and high output cardiac failure.
Dry beriberi: The symptoms and signs are related to the Nervous system. The main features are peripheral neuritis, hyperaesthesia (localized areas) or anaesthesia, there is gradual loss in muscle strength, wrist drop, poor memory, depression, lack of initiative and anorexia.Mechanism of Action of Vit B1Thiamine exerts it`s action by influencing carbohydrate metabolism. It combines with ATP to form thiamine pyrophosphate in the body. Thiamine pyrophosphate acts as a coenzyme for carbohydrate metabolism, decarboxylation of ketoacids, and hexose monophosphate shunt. It also have plays some role in neuromuscular transmission.Pharmacokinets of Vit B1Absorption: Well absorbed orally.
Distribution: Widely distributed in the body. It is also distributed in to breast milk.
Metabolism: Metabolized in the liver.
Excretion: Excess thiamine is excreted through urine.
Onset of Action for Vit B1N/ADuration of Action for Vit B1N/AHalf Life of Vit B1N/ASide Effects of Vit B11. Angioedema
2. Cardiovascular collapse
8. Allergic reactions
9. Tightness of throat
10. Feeling of warmth
13. Tenderness and induration following I. M. administration
Contra-indications of Vit B11. Hypersensitivity to the drugSpecial Precautions while taking Vit B1N/APregnancy Related InformationUse with cautionOld Age Related InformationMay be usedBreast Feeding Related InformationUse with cautionChildren Related InformationMay be usedIndications for Vit B11. Thiamine deficiency
2. Dry beriberi
3. Wet beriberi
4. Wernicke`s encephalopathy
5. Hyperemesis gravidarum
6. Korsakoffs syndrome
7. Polyneuritis secondary to alcoholism
8. Multiple neurosis
9. Toxic and confusional states
10. Anorexia nervosa
Interactions for Vit B1N/ATypical Dosage for Vit B1Oral :
In mild deficiency: 10 to 25mg/day.
In severe deficiency: 200 to 300mg/day.
Adults: 10 to 20mg I.M. depending up on the severity of the condition (Up to 100mg I.M. or I.V. for severe cases); thrice daily for two weeks followed by dietary correction and multivitamin supplement containing 5 to 30mg Thiamine/day in single or divided doses for 1 month.
Wernicke`s encephalopathy: 100mg I.V. followed by 50 to 100mg IM. or I.V./day.
"Wet beriberi with heart failure": 10 to 30mg I.V. for emergency treatment.
Schedule of Vit B1C1 (Oral)Storage Requirements for Vit B1Store in a well closed container; in a cool place and protect from light.Effects of Missed Dosage of Vit B1Take the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of Vit B1Provide symptomatic treatment and supportive measures.
LysineAbout LysineNutrient, an a-amino acid, Essential amino acid.
Mechanism of Action of LysineLysine is an essential amino acid. It is a basic building block of protein. It is required for tissue repair, growth and bone development in children, help in calcium absorption and maintaining the correct nitrogen balance in the body and maintaining lean body mass. It produces antibodies, hormones, enzymes, collagen formation.
Since it helps with the building of muscle protein, it is useful for patients recovering from injuries and recovery after operations. It is also useful against herpes and cold sores.
The single supplement should be taken on an empty stomach because larger amounts of the amino acid can build up in the blood and brain.
Pharmacokinets of LysineN/AOnset of Action for LysineN/ADuration of Action for LysineN/AHalf Life of LysineN/ASide Effects of Lysine1.Diarrhea
Contra-indications of LysineHypersensitivity to the drug
Special Precautions while taking Lysine1.Liver impairment
Pregnancy Related InformationUse with cautionOld Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationUse with cautionChildren Related InformationN/AIndications for Lysine1.Development and maintenance
3.Cold soresInteractions for LysineN/ATypical Dosage for Lysine12 mg/ kg/ day.
For calcium absorption: 800 mg/day
For cold sores: 1000 mg/day if needed treatment can be continued up to 6 months
Schedule of LysineN/AStorage Requirements for LysineStore at room temperature in a cool dry and dark area.Keep out of the reach of children.Effects of Missed Dosage of LysineTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of LysineGive supportive measures and symptomatic treatment
PanthenolAbout PanthenolAlcohol analog of pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), and is thus a provitamin of B5. Mechanism of Action of PanthenolSkin:It binds to the hair shaft readily and It coats the hair and seals its surface, lubricating the hair shaft and making strands appear shiny.Panthenol has good skin penetration. It improves hydration, reduces itching and inflammation of the skin and accelerates and improves healing of epidermal wounds.
Oral:If ingested, panthenol is metabolized to pantothenic acid.. Panthenol comes in two enantiomers, D and L. Only D-panthenol (dexpanthenol) is biologically active, however both forms have moisturizing properties. For cosmetic use, panthenol comes either in D form, or as a racemic mixture of D and L (DL-panthenol).
Pharmacokinets of PanthenolN/AOnset of Action for PanthenolN/ADuration of Action for PanthenolN/AHalf Life of PanthenolN/ASide Effects of PanthenolN/AContra-indications of PanthenolN/ASpecial Precautions while taking PanthenolN/APregnancy Related InformationN/AOld Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationN/AChildren Related InformationN/AIndications for Panthenol1.In cosmetics, panthenol is a humectant, emollient and moisturizer.
2.It is sometimes mixed with allantoin, in concentrations of up to 2-5%, and is used for treatment of sunburns, mild burns and minor skin disorders.
3.As a pantothenic acid supplement
Interactions for PanthenolN/ATypical Dosage for PanthenolN/ASchedule of PanthenolN/AStorage Requirements for PanthenolN/AEffects of Missed Dosage of PanthenolN/AEffects of Overdose of PanthenolN/A
Vit B12About Vit B12N/AMechanism of Action of Vit B12Vitamin B12 is an essential constituent for growth, cell reproduction, hematopoiesis, and nucleoprotein and myelin synthesis. Vitamin B12 is converted in to coenzyme B12 in the tissues which is essential for conversion of methyl-malonate to succinate and synthesis of methionine from homocystine. It is also associated with fat and carbohydrate metabolism and protein synthesis. Cells characterized by rapid division such as epithelial cells, bone marrow, and myeloid cells appear to have greatest requirement of Cyanocobalamin.Pharmacokinets of Vit B12Absorption: Absorbed irregularly after oral administration and absorption depends on Ca and intrinsic factor. It is also administered subcutaneously and intramuscularly.
Distribution: Distributed in to liver, bone marrow, and other tissues. It crosses the placenta and appears in breast milk.
Metabolism: It is metabolized in liver.
Excretion: In normal dosage it is reabsorbed from bile and a minute portion is excreted through urine but the extra drug is excreted through urine.
Onset of Action for Vit B12N/ADuration of Action for Vit B12N/AHalf Life of Vit B12N/ASide Effects of Vit B121. Anaphylaxis
2. Anaphylactoid reactions
3. Pain and burning sensation at injection site
6. Transient diarrhea
7. Peripheral vascular thrombosis
8. Pulmonary oedema
Contra-indications of Vit B121. Hypersensitivity to the drug
2. Leber`s disease
Special Precautions while taking Vit B121. Anemic patients with coexisting cardiac, pulmonary and hypertensive diseases.Pregnancy Related InformationMay be usedOld Age Related InformationMay be usedBreast Feeding Related InformationMay be usedChildren Related InformationUse with caution
NEONATES : Use with caution
Indications for Vit B121. Vitamin B12 deficiency
2. Pernicious Anaemia
3. Peripheral neuropathy (diabetic, alcoholic, and drug induced)
Interactions for Vit B12N/ATypical Dosage for Vit B12I.M., S.C.:
Pernicious Anaemia: 100mcg daily for 1 week followed by the same dose given on alternate days for 7 doses and then every 3 to 4days for another 3 weeks. This regimen should be followed by 100mcg monthly for life. Concurrently administer folic acid if required.
Vitamin B12 deficiency other than pernicious Anaemia: 30mcg daily for 5 to 10days depending up on the severity of the condition.
Maintenance dosage: 100 to 200mcg once monthly.
Children: 100mcg I.M. or S.C. over the course of 2 or more weeks.
Maintenance dosage: 60mcg monthly I.M. or S.C.
Schilling test flushing dose:
Adults and Children: 1000mcg I.M. in single dose
Recommended RDA (recommended dietary allowance) for Vitamin B12:
Infants up to 6months of age: 0.3mcg.
Children age 6 months to 1 year: 0.5mcg.
Children age 1 to 3: 0.7mcg.
Children age 4 to 6: 1mcg.
Children age 7 to 10: 1.4mcg.
Children age 11 to adult: 2mcg..
Pregnant women: 2.2mcg.
Breast feeding women: 2.6mcg.
Schedule of Vit B12CStorage Requirements for Vit B12Store at room temperature range of 15 to 30 degree C.in a light resistant well closed container in a dry place.Effects of Missed Dosage of Vit B12Take the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of Vit B12Not applicable. Even in large doses Vitamin B12 isn`t usually toxic.
Home Delivery for Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12 in Your City
Medicine India is just a publishing medium for medicine related information and does not provide services or sales of medicines including vit b6 + vit b1 + lysine + panthenol + vit b12.
However, we do publish a comprehensive directory of Pharmacies, Chemists and Druggists in cities all over India. You can use this directory to find the medicine stores in your city (or area) that provide home delivery services for vit b6 + vit b1 + lysine + panthenol + vit b12 and other medicines and health products. Home delivery services for vit b6 + vit b1 + lysine + panthenol + vit b12 may be free or they may cost you depending on the pharmacy and the minimum order requirements. It would be best to get this clarified while placing the order.
Please be aware that you should take vit b6 + vit b1 + lysine + panthenol + vit b12 only if a doctor has recommended or prescribed it. Some or all pharmacies who provide a home delivery service for medicines might insist on a prescription for vit b6 + vit b1 + lysine + panthenol + vit b12 before they complete the sale. You can get this information while placing the order for vit b6 + vit b1 + lysine + panthenol + vit b12 with the pharmacy.
Vit B6 + Vit B1 + Lysine + Panthenol + Vit B12 is a generic medicine name and there are several brands available for it. Some of the brands for vit b6 + vit b1 + lysine + panthenol + vit b12 might be better known than vit b6 + vit b1 + lysine + panthenol + vit b12 itself. If the pharmacy that's willing to deliver medicines to your home doesn't have vit b6 + vit b1 + lysine + panthenol + vit b12 in stock, you can ask for one of the branded alternatives for vit b6 + vit b1 + lysine + panthenol + vit b12.