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- Pharmacology For Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + Menthol
Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + Menthol Pharmacology
Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholAbout Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholN/AMechanism of Action of Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholN/APharmacokinets of Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholN/AOnset of Action for Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholN/ADuration of Action for Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholN/AHalf Life of Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholN/ASide Effects of Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholN/AContra-indications of Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholN/ASpecial Precautions while taking Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholN/APregnancy Related InformationContraindicatedOld Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationContraindicatedChildren Related InformationN/AIndications for Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + Menthol1.Anti dandruff preparation
Interactions for Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholN/ATypical Dosage for Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholApply liberally on the affected areas, gently massage, leave for 2-3 hrs & then wash with water. It can also be left overnight for 8 hrs & washed in the morning. Lotion to be applied 2-4 times a wk with a gap of 2 days.
Schedule of Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholN/AStorage Requirements for Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholN/AEffects of Missed Dosage of Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholN/AEffects of Overdose of Miconazole + Tinidazole + Zinc Sulfate + MentholN/A
MiconazoleAbout MiconazoleAn imidazole derivative, Broad spectrum Antifungal.Mechanism of Action of MiconazoleMiconazole is fungicidal or fungistatic depending on the drug concentrations. I t inhibits the conversion of Lanosterol to 14 demethyl Lanosterol by inhibiting the cytochromeP450 enzyme 14 alpha demethylase and impair ergosterol synthesisPharmacokinets of MiconazoleAbsorption: Oral absorption of Miconazole is poor. Distribution: It is distributed in the body in protein bound form Metabolism: It undergoes metabolism in the liver. Excretion: It is excreted in urine and faeces.Onset of Action for MiconazoleN/ADuration of Action for MiconazoleN/AHalf Life of Miconazole1 daySide Effects of Miconazole1.Vulvovaginal burning
6.Dermatitis Contra-indications of Miconazole1.Hypersensitivity to Miconazole and other Azole antifungalsSpecial Precautions while taking Miconazole1.Hepatic dysfunctionPregnancy Related InformationContraindicatedOld Age Related InformationUse with cautionBreast Feeding Related InformationContraindicatedChildren Related InformationUse with caution
Indications for Miconazole1.Tinea versicolor
10.Diaper dermatitisInteractions for MiconazoleBenzoyl peroxide: Antibacterial synergism. Typical Dosage for MiconazoleAdult: Topical use:
Cutaneous infections: Apply the cream twice daily on the affected part for about 1 month
Tinea versicolor: Apply the cream once daily on the affected part
Vaginal use: Insert 300 mg suppository at bed time for 3 days or Insert 100 mg suppository at bed time for 7 days
Cutaneous infections: Apply the cream twice daily on the affected part for about 1 month
Tinea vericolor: Apply the cream once daily on the affected part
Schedule of MiconazoleHStorage Requirements for MiconazoleThe drug should be stored at 15 - 30 degree C.Effects of Missed Dosage of MiconazoleTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
Effects of Overdose of MiconazoleGive supportive measures and treatment.
TinidazoleAbout TinidazoleNitroimidazole antibiotic, Antibacterial, antiprotozoal.Mechanism of Action of TinidazoleTinidazole is nitro imidazole which has broad spectrum cidal activity against Protozoa and some anaerobic bacteria. Its selective toxicity to anaerobic microbes involves 1. Drug enters the cell by diffusion, 2. Nitro group of drug is reduced by redox proteins present only in anaerobic organisms to reactive nitro radical which excerts cytotoxic action by damaging DNA and other critical biomolecules. 3. .DNA helix destabilization &strand breakage has been observed.Pharmacokinets of TinidazoleAbsorption: Well absorbed orally, Distribution: Widely distributed,
Metabolism: Metabolized in liver by oxidation &glucuronide conjugation, Excretion: Excreted in urine.
Onset of Action for TinidazoleWithin few hoursDuration of Action for Tinidazole16 hoursHalf Life of Tinidazole12 hoursSide Effects of Tinidazole1.Anorexia
15.Peripheral neuropathy & CNS effects,
Contra-indications of Tinidazole1.Hypersensitivity to the drug
Special Precautions while taking Tinidazole1.Hepatic impairment
3.Obstructive liver diseases
4. Use cautiously along with other hepatotoxic drugs & In visual field changes
5. Avoid alcohol use during therapy
Pregnancy Related InformationUse with caution, but contra indicated in first trimesterOld Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationContraindicatedChildren Related InformationN/AIndications for Tinidazole1.Amoebiasis
4.Anaerobic bacterial infections
5.Prophylactic agent after colorectal surgery
6.H. pylori infections
Interactions for TinidazoleAlcohol: Disulfiram like reaction.
Ampicillin, Doxycycline and Cotrimoxaole: Synergism with these agents.Typical Dosage for TinidazoleAmoebiasis:
Adults: 2gm once daily for 3 days
Children: 30 to 50mg/kg/day or 600mg 12hourly for 5 to 10 days
Trichomoniasis & Giardiasis:
600mg once daily for a week or 2gm single dose
Anaerobic bacterial infections:
2 gm followed by 500mg 12 hourly for 5 days
Prophylaxis after colorectal surgery:
2gm single dose before surgery
H. pylori infections:
0.5gm 12hourly for 7 to14 days in triple combination
Schedule of TinidazoleHStorage Requirements for TinidazoleStore at room temperature at a range of 15 to 30 degree C. Protect from excess heat and moisture.Effects of Missed Dosage of TinidazoleTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of TinidazoleTreatment is supportive & symptomatic. Drug is removed by induced emesis, gastric lavage, and administration of activated charcoal &use of cathartics. For controlling seizures diazepam & phenytoin may be used About N/AMechanism of Action of N/APharmacokinets of N/AOnset of Action for N/ADuration of Action for N/AHalf Life of N/ASide Effects of N/AContra-indications of N/ASpecial Precautions while taking N/APregnancy Related InformationN/AOld Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationN/AChildren Related InformationN/AIndications for N/AInteractions for N/ATypical Dosage for N/ASchedule of N/AStorage Requirements for N/AEffects of Missed Dosage of N/AEffects of Overdose of N/A
MentholAbout MentholTerpenes and terpenoid, Antipruritic, decongestant, topical analgesic.Mechanism of Action of MentholMenthol acts as a local anesthetic on the respiratory passageways and causing cough suppression. When Menthol is rubbed on the skin, it acts as a rubefacient and causes localized vasodilatation; which gives feelings of comfort and warmth. When applied gently on the skin, it acts as an anti-pruritic agent and creates a feeling of coolness, and mild local anaesthetic effect relieves itching. It has good soothing effect and acts as a demulcent. It also acts as a carminative.Pharmacokinets of MentholN/AOnset of Action for MentholN/ADuration of Action for MentholN/AHalf Life of MentholN/ASide Effects of Menthol1.Irritation
Contra-indications of Menthol1. Hypersensitivity to the drug
2.Should not applies to broken, injured, or burned skin
Special Precautions while taking Menthol1.Should not apply Menthol directly in to or near the nostrils of small children or asthma patients
4.Should not take steam inhalation orally
Pregnancy Related InformationUse with cautionOld Age Related InformationUse with cautionBreast Feeding Related InformationUse with caution
Children Related InformationUse with caution
below 2 years: ContraindicatedIndications for Menthol1. Rubefacient.
2.Ingredient in cough preparations
4. Ingredient in ointment or liniment to treat sprains; joint and muscle pain
8.As an inhalant to relieve nasal, bronchial, or upper respiratory congestion
Interactions for MentholN/ATypical Dosage for MentholDosage individualized based on requirements of the patient.
Lozenges: Dissolve lozenge (5%-10% menthol) slowly in the mouth hourly as needed by the patients.
Topical: Rubbed on the throat and chest in a layer loosely covered with a warm dry cloth; up to thrice daily.
In vaporizer: Menthol (3.2%) in a hot steam vaporizer can be used by adding 1 tbsp of solution for each quart of cold water, or 1tsp of solution for each pint, up to thrice daily
Schedule of MentholN/AStorage Requirements for MentholStore at a cool dry place in a well closed container. Protect from light and heat. Keep out of reach of children.Effects of Missed Dosage of MentholTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of MentholProvide symptomatic treatment and supportive measures.
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