Fluconazole + Ornidazole Pharmacology
Fluconazole + Ornidazole
8.Alteration in liver enzyme
8.Prophylaxis in bone marrow transplantation
9.Candidiasis in immunocompromised individuals
Cyclosporine: Increase in serum cyclosporine plasma concentration.
Hydrochlorothiazide: Reduction in renal clearance of fluconazole.
Phenytoin: Efficacy of phenytoin enhanced.
Rifampicin: Efficacy of fluconazole decreased, higher dosage required.
Sulfonylureas: Efficacy of tolbutamide, glyburide and glipizide increased.
Warfarin: Potentiates the anticoagulant effect resulting in increase in prothrombin time.
Systemic candidiasis: Maximum dose: 400 mg .The drug should be administered 2 more weeks after resolution of symptoms.
Oropharyngeal candidiasis: Initial dose: 200 mg once daily followed by 100 mg once daily. The drug should be administered at least 14 days after resolution of symptoms.
Oesophageal candidiasis: Initial dose: 200 mg once daily followed by 100 mg once daily and dose can be increased to 400 mg. The drug should be administered at least 14 days after resolution of symptoms.
Cryptococcal Meningitis: : Initial dose: 400 mg once daily followed by 200 mg once daily for 2 - 3 month until CSF culture is negative.
Vaginal candidiasis: 150 mg once daily
Peritonitis: 50 - 200 mg once daily.
Before bone marrow transplantation as prophylaxis:400 mg once daily for several days before transplantation and after 7 days after Neutrophil count rises above 1000 cells per cub.mm.
Candidiasis in immunocompromised individuals: 100 -200 mg once daily.
2 - 8 mg / kg body weight /day
Systemic candidiasis: 6 - 12 mg / kg body weight /day
Oropharyngeal candidiasis: Initial dose: 6 mg / kg body weight / day followed by 3 mg / kg body weight / day. The drug should be administered at least 14 days after resolution of symptoms.
Metabolism: Metabolized in liver by conjugation, Excretion: Excreted in urine and small portion is excreted in bile
First trimester: contra indicated
4.Anaerobic bacterial infections
Adults: 1gm daily in 2 divided doses for 7 to 10 days
Children: 10 to 25mg/kg once daily for 3days
Adults: 1.5gm once daily for 3 days
Children: 40mg/kg once daily for 3 days
Adults: 1.5gm single daily dose or 0.5gm 12hourly for 5 days,
Male partner should be concurrently treated.
Children: 25mg/kg as a single dose
Adults: 1 to 1.5gm once daily for 2days
Children: 40mg/kg for 2days
Bacterial vaginosis: 1.5gm once or 500mg once daily for 5 to7 days
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