Tinidazole Pharmacology


About Tinidazole
Nitroimidazole antibiotic, Antibacterial, antiprotozoal.
Mechanism of Action of Tinidazole
Tinidazole is nitro imidazole which has broad spectrum cidal activity against Protozoa and some anaerobic bacteria. Its selective toxicity to anaerobic microbes involves 1. Drug enters the cell by diffusion, 2. Nitro group of drug is reduced by redox proteins present only in anaerobic organisms to reactive nitro radical which excerts cytotoxic action by damaging DNA and other critical biomolecules. 3. .DNA helix destabilization &strand breakage has been observed.
Pharmacokinets of Tinidazole
Absorption: Well absorbed orally, Distribution: Widely distributed,
Metabolism: Metabolized in liver by oxidation &glucuronide conjugation, Excretion: Excreted in urine.
Onset of Action for Tinidazole
Within few hours
Duration of Action for Tinidazole
16 hours
Half Life of Tinidazole
12 hours
Side Effects of Tinidazole
2.Bitter taste
7.Dry mouth
8.Abdominal distress
15.Peripheral neuropathy & CNS effects,
Contra-indications of Tinidazole
1.Hypersensitivity to the drug
2.Blood dyscrasias
3.CNS disorders
Special Precautions while taking Tinidazole
1.Hepatic impairment
2.Alcoholic cirrhosis
3.Obstructive liver diseases
4. Use cautiously along with other hepatotoxic drugs & In visual field changes
5. Avoid alcohol use during therapy
Pregnancy Related Information
Use with caution, but contra indicated in first trimester
Old Age Related Information
Breast Feeding Related Information
Children Related Information
Indications for Tinidazole
3.Trichomonas vaginitis
4.Anaerobic bacterial infections
5.Prophylactic agent after colorectal surgery
6.H. pylori infections
Interactions for Tinidazole
Alcohol: Disulfiram like reaction.
Ampicillin, Doxycycline and Cotrimoxaole: Synergism with these agents.
Typical Dosage for Tinidazole
Adults: 2gm once daily for 3 days
Children: 30 to 50mg/kg/day or 600mg 12hourly for 5 to 10 days
Trichomoniasis & Giardiasis:
600mg once daily for a week or 2gm single dose
Anaerobic bacterial infections:
2 gm followed by 500mg 12 hourly for 5 days
Prophylaxis after colorectal surgery:
2gm single dose before surgery
H. pylori infections:
0.5gm 12hourly for 7 to14 days in triple combination
Schedule of Tinidazole
Storage Requirements for Tinidazole
Store at room temperature at a range of 15 to 30 degree C. Protect from excess heat and moisture.
Effects of Missed Dosage of Tinidazole
Take the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
Effects of Overdose of Tinidazole
Treatment is supportive & symptomatic. Drug is removed by induced emesis, gastric lavage, and administration of activated charcoal &use of cathartics. For controlling seizures diazepam & phenytoin may be used

Home Delivery for Tinidazole in Your City

Medicine India is just a publishing medium for medicine related information and does not provide services or sales of medicines including tinidazole.

However, we do publish a comprehensive directory of Pharmacies, Chemists and Druggists in cities all over India. You can use this directory to find the medicine stores in your city (or area) that provide home delivery services for tinidazole and other medicines and health products. Home delivery services for tinidazole may be free or they may cost you depending on the pharmacy and the minimum order requirements. It would be best to get this clarified while placing the order.

Please be aware that you should take tinidazole only if a doctor has recommended or prescribed it. Some or all pharmacies who provide a home delivery service for medicines might insist on a prescription for tinidazole before they complete the sale. You can get this information while placing the order for tinidazole with the pharmacy.

Tinidazole is a generic medicine name and there are several brands available for it. Some of the brands for tinidazole might be better known than tinidazole itself. If the pharmacy that's willing to deliver medicines to your home doesn't have tinidazole in stock, you can ask for one of the branded alternatives for tinidazole.