Amlodipine Pharmacology


About Amlodipine
Calcium Channel Blocker, Anti hypertensive,anti angina.
Mechanism of Action of Amlodipine
Amlodipine is a second generation dihydropyridine Ca channel blocker. It exerts it`s antihypertensive, antianginal actions through blocking the influx of Ca ions through voltage gated L-type Ca channels to the peripheral vascular smooth muscle cells, Coronary smooth muscle cells and to the myocardial cells. Thus causes dilatation of vascular endothelium, decrease peripheral resistance, & reduce myocardial oxygen demand .It markedly relax arterioles and milder effects on veins. They do not compromise haemodynamics and cerebral and renal perfusion.
Pharmacokinets of Amlodipine
Absorption: Well absorbed orally, Distribution: Widely distributed in a protein bound form, Metabolism: Metabolized in liver, but there is no active metabolite.
Onset of Action for Amlodipine
Duration of Action for Amlodipine
24 hours
Half Life of Amlodipine
Side Effects of Amlodipine
5.Abdominal pain
10.Light headedness
12.Aggravates myocardial ischaemia
Contra-indications of Amlodipine
1.Heart failure
2.Aortic stenosis
3.Hypersensitivity to the drug
4.Unstable angina
5.Hepatic impairment
6.Along with other anti hypertensive drugs.
Special Precautions while taking Amlodipine
1.Cardiovascular disorders: Use cautiously in cardiovascular disorders because it aggravates myocardial ischaemia.
2.Sick sinus syndrome
3.Renal impairment
4.Use cautiously along with other antihypertensive drugs,
Pregnancy Related Information
Old Age Related Information
Use with caution
Breast Feeding Related Information
Use with caution.
Children Related Information
Indications for Amlodipine
2.Prinzmetal`s angina
3.Stable angina
Interactions for Amlodipine
ACE inhibitors, Thiazide diuretics: Potentiates effect of these drugs.
Beta Blockers: Best avoided, especially by those with impaired LV function due to depressant effect on myocardial contractibility or AV conduction.
Fentanyl: Severe hypotension or increased fluid volume requirements.
Typical Dosage for Amlodipine
5 mg once daily.
Maximum dose: 10mg/day
Prinzmetal`s angina and Stable angina:
5 to 10mg once daily.
Hypertension: 2.5 to 5mg once daily. Dose may increase up to 10mg once daily as required by the individual needs.
Schedule of Amlodipine
Storage Requirements for Amlodipine
Store at room temperature below 30 degree C. Protect from moisture and light.

Effects of Missed Dosage of Amlodipine
Take the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
Effects of Overdose of Amlodipine
Monitor &support cardiac and respiratory functions. Measure the BP. Give cardiovascular support by elevating the limbs and maintaining fluid balance. Administer vasopressers like nor epinephrine and Calcium gluconate if required.

Home Delivery for Amlodipine in Your City

Medicine India is just a publishing medium for medicine related information and does not provide services or sales of medicines including amlodipine.

However, we do publish a comprehensive directory of Pharmacies, Chemists and Druggists in cities all over India. You can use this directory to find the medicine stores in your city (or area) that provide home delivery services for amlodipine and other medicines and health products. Home delivery services for amlodipine may be free or they may cost you depending on the pharmacy and the minimum order requirements. It would be best to get this clarified while placing the order.

Please be aware that you should take amlodipine only if a doctor has recommended or prescribed it. Some or all pharmacies who provide a home delivery service for medicines might insist on a prescription for amlodipine before they complete the sale. You can get this information while placing the order for amlodipine with the pharmacy.

Amlodipine is a generic medicine name and there are several brands available for it. Some of the brands for amlodipine might be better known than amlodipine itself. If the pharmacy that's willing to deliver medicines to your home doesn't have amlodipine in stock, you can ask for one of the branded alternatives for amlodipine.