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- Pharmacology For Cetirizine + Salbutamol
Cetirizine + Salbutamol Pharmacology
Cetirizine + SalbutamolAbout Cetirizine + SalbutamolN/AMechanism of Action of Cetirizine + SalbutamolN/APharmacokinets of Cetirizine + SalbutamolN/AOnset of Action for Cetirizine + SalbutamolN/ADuration of Action for Cetirizine + SalbutamolN/AHalf Life of Cetirizine + SalbutamolN/ASide Effects of Cetirizine + SalbutamolN/AContra-indications of Cetirizine + SalbutamolN/ASpecial Precautions while taking Cetirizine + SalbutamolN/APregnancy Related InformationContraindicated; since Cetrizine is contraindicated in pregnancy; the combination generic is contraindicated in pregnancy.Old Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationContraindicated; since Cetrizine is contraindicated in breast feeding; the combination generic is contraindicated in breast feeding motherChildren Related InformationN/AIndications for Cetirizine + SalbutamolIt is a combination of Non sedative antihistamine with Decongestant action, Cetrizine and bronchodilator Salbutamol.
Interactions for Cetirizine + SalbutamolN/ATypical Dosage for Cetirizine + SalbutamolAdult: 1 - 2 tablet / daySchedule of Cetirizine + SalbutamolN/AStorage Requirements for Cetirizine + SalbutamolN/AEffects of Missed Dosage of Cetirizine + SalbutamolN/AEffects of Overdose of Cetirizine + SalbutamolN/A
CetirizineAbout CetirizineSecond Generation H1 Antagonist, Metabolite of hydroxyzine, Antihistamine.Mechanism of Action of CetirizineThis drug is a selective peripheral H1 receptor antagonist. Thus it inhibits the allergic symptoms produced by histamines like cold, rhinorrhea, sneezing, urticaria etc. The drug has some mast cell stabilizing properties. It also inhibit eotaxin-induced eosinophil TEM through both dermal and lung micro vascular endothelial cells. So inhibit eosinophil chemotaxis and also inflammation caused by it.Pharmacokinets of CetirizineAbsorption- Well absorbed after oral administration
Distribution-Widely distributed in the body. 93% bound to the plasma proteins. It enters to the CNS in small amounts.
Metabolism-Metabolized in the liver to its metabolites by oxidative O-dealkylation
Excretion- Excreted through urine (50% as unchanged form) and a small amount through feces
Onset of Action for Cetirizine10-30 minDuration of Action for Cetirizine12-24hrsHalf Life of CetirizineIts plasma half life is 8.3 hrsSide Effects of Cetirizine1. Somnolence.
5. Dry mouth
6. CNS stimulation in children
10. Blurred vision
16. Excessive tiredness
19. Sore throat
20. Stomach pain
Contra-indications of CetirizineHypersensitivity to the drug or hydroxyzine.Special Precautions while taking Cetirizine1. Renal impairment.
2. Hepatic dysfunction.
4. Any work which require mental alertness like driving or machine operation.
Pregnancy Related InformationContraindicatedOld Age Related InformationUse with cautionBreast Feeding Related InformationContraindicatedChildren Related InformationUse with cautionIndications for Cetirizine1. Sneezing
3. Postnasal discharge.
4. Common coughs
6. Chronic urticaria
8. Pruritic skin disorders
9. Hay fever
Interactions for CetirizineAlcohol: Avoid excessive alcohol consumption.Typical Dosage for CetirizineOral-
Adult - 10 mg daily, single dose
Children (6-12 years) -5 mg daily.
Schedule of CetirizineN/AStorage Requirements for CetirizineStore in cool, dry, dark placeEffects of Missed Dosage of CetirizineTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of CetirizineGive symptomatic and supportive treatment.
SalbutamolAbout SalbutamolBeta2-Adrenergic Agonist, Phenethylamine derivative, Bronchodilator(Antiasthma), uterine relaxant.Mechanism of Action of SalbutamolSalbutamol is a short acting ?2 receptor agonist. It selectively stimulates ?2 receptors present in airway, Uterus, and Vascular Smooth muscles. It directly relaxes the airway smooth muscles and produces bronchodilation. Stimulation of ?2 receptors activates Gs adenylyl-cyclase -cyclic AMP path way and produces reduction in smooth muscle tone. ?2 receptor agonists also increases the conductance of large Ca2+sensitive K+ channels in airway smooth muscles and leads to membrane hyperpolarisation and relaxation of smooth muscles.
?2 receptor agonists also suppress the release of Leukotrienes and histamine from the mast cells in the lung tissue and enhance mucociliary function and decrease micro vascular permeability and also inhibits Phospholipase A2 which produces inhibition of prostaglandins production. Thus Salbutamol can inhibit the broncho-constriction produced by inflammatory mediators. Salbutamol is effective in the management of preterm labour.
Pharmacokinets of SalbutamolAbsorption: It is well absorbed after oral administration.
Distribution: Salbutamol does not cross the blood brain barrier.
Metabolism: It is metabolised to inactive metabolites in the liver
Excretion: Salbutamol is excreted primarily in the urine and small amount in the faeces.
Onset of Action for Salbutamol15 - 30 minutesDuration of Action for Salbutamol6 - 12 hoursHalf Life of Salbutamol4 hoursSide Effects of Salbutamol1. Drowsiness
14. Hypokalaemia (high dose)
Contra-indications of Salbutamol1.Hypersensitivity to Salbutamol and other sympathomimetic amines.Special Precautions while taking Salbutamol1. Myocardial insufficiency
Pregnancy Related InformationUse with caution.Old Age Related InformationUse with caution.Breast Feeding Related InformationUse with caution.Children Related InformationUse with caution
Below 6 years: contraindicatedIndications for Salbutamol1. Obstructive airway diseases
2. Acute Bronchospasm
3. Status asthmaticus
4. Premature labour
Interactions for SalbutamolBeclomethasone, Theophylline: Enhances respiratory function.
Beta-blockers: Inhibit bronchodilator effect.
Diuretics and Xanthines: Increased risk of hypokalemia.
Digitalis: Increased risk of digitalis toxicity when salbutamol is given in hilgh doses due to hypokalaemia.Typical Dosage for SalbutamolAdult:
Immediate release tablet: 2 - 4 mg every 6 - 8 hours daily, maximum dose 32mg / day
Sustained release tablets: 8 mg / day in 2 divided doses and if sufficient response does not obtained then dose can be gradually increased to 16mg / day in 2 divided doses
Children: 6 - 14 years
Syrup: 6 - 8mg / day in 3 - 4 divided doses and if needed dose can be increased maximum up to 24mg / day
Uterine Relaxant: (I.V) 4 to 32 mcg/minutes
Schedule of SalbutamolHStorage Requirements for SalbutamolStore at 15 - 30 degree C. Protect from heat and light. Keep out of the reach of childrenEffects of Missed Dosage of SalbutamolTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of SalbutamolGive supportive measures and symptomatic treatment. Drug can be removed from the body by gastric lavage or by inducing emesis. Absorption of drug can be reduced by administration of activated charcoal.
Home Delivery for Cetirizine + Salbutamol in Your City
Medicine India is just a publishing medium for medicine related information and does not provide services or sales of medicines including cetirizine + salbutamol.
However, we do publish a comprehensive directory of Pharmacies, Chemists and Druggists in cities all over India. You can use this directory to find the medicine stores in your city (or area) that provide home delivery services for cetirizine + salbutamol and other medicines and health products. Home delivery services for cetirizine + salbutamol may be free or they may cost you depending on the pharmacy and the minimum order requirements. It would be best to get this clarified while placing the order.
Please be aware that you should take cetirizine + salbutamol only if a doctor has recommended or prescribed it. Some or all pharmacies who provide a home delivery service for medicines might insist on a prescription for cetirizine + salbutamol before they complete the sale. You can get this information while placing the order for cetirizine + salbutamol with the pharmacy.
Cetirizine + Salbutamol is a generic medicine name and there are several brands available for it. Some of the brands for cetirizine + salbutamol might be better known than cetirizine + salbutamol itself. If the pharmacy that's willing to deliver medicines to your home doesn't have cetirizine + salbutamol in stock, you can ask for one of the branded alternatives for cetirizine + salbutamol.