- Medicine India
- Generic Medicines
- Pharmacology For Clonidine + Chlorthalidone
Clonidine + Chlorthalidone Pharmacology
Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneAbout Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneN/AMechanism of Action of Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneN/APharmacokinets of Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneN/AOnset of Action for Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneN/ADuration of Action for Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneN/AHalf Life of Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneN/ASide Effects of Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneN/AContra-indications of Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneN/ASpecial Precautions while taking Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneN/APregnancy Related InformationContraindicated; since Chlorthalidone is contraindicated in pregnancy, the combination generic cannot be used in pregnancyOld Age Related InformationN/ABreast Feeding Related InformationContraindicated; since Chlorthalidone is contraindicated in breast feeding, the combination generic cannot be used in breast feeding mother.Children Related InformationN/AIndications for Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneHypertensionInteractions for Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneN/ATypical Dosage for Clonidine + Chlorthalidone1 tablet to be taken once dailySchedule of Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneN/AStorage Requirements for Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneN/AEffects of Missed Dosage of Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneN/AEffects of Overdose of Clonidine + ChlorthalidoneN/A
ClonidineAbout ClonidineCentrally acting Alpha2-Adrenergic Agonist, Sympatholytic Antihypertensive. Mechanism of Action of ClonidineClonidine exerts its action as an antihypertensive agent by stimulating alpha-2A receptors located in regions of brain, such as the nucleus tractus solitarius.Stimulation of these alpha 2 receptors brings about a decrease in sympathetic outflow from the CNS which in turn leads to decrease in peripheral vascular resistance and blood pressure.Bradycardia is also produced by Clonidine as a result of centrally induced facilitation of vagus nerve and stimulation of cardiac prejunctional alpha 2 receptors. Decrease in cardiac out put is due to decrease in stroke volume and bradycardia.
Clonidine has also been used in the prophylactic treatment of migraine or recurrent vascular headaches
Pharmacokinets of ClonidineAbsorption: Well absorbed orally, Distribution: Widely distributed,
Metabolism: Metabolized in liver, Excretion: Excreted mainly through urine.
Onset of Action for Clonidine24 to 72 hoursDuration of Action for ClonidineFew daysHalf Life of Clonidine12 hoursSide Effects of Clonidine1.Sedation
3.Dryness of mouth, eyes & nose
Contra-indications of Clonidine1.Hypersensitivity to the drug
2.Sick sinus syndrome
3.Disorders of SA node activity and conduction
Special Precautions while taking Clonidine1.Coronary disorders
Pregnancy Related InformationUse with cautionOld Age Related InformationUse with cautionBreast Feeding Related InformationUse with cautionChildren Related InformationUse with cautionIndications for Clonidine1.Hypertension
6.Growth delay in children
9.As a diagnostic agent in pheochromocytoma
Interactions for ClonidineN/ATypical Dosage for ClonidineAdult
Hypertension: 100 to 200mcg/day orally 12th hourly,Increase if required to600mcg/day,Maximum dose: 2.4 mg/day
Menopausal symptoms:25 to 75 mcg orally 12hourly
Opiate withdrawal: 0.005mg to 0.017mg/kg/day in divided doses for 10 days
Nicotine withdrawal:Starts with 150mcg and increased up to 400mcg orally
Diabetic diarrhea: 150 to 1200mcg/day orally
Migraine prophylaxis:25mcg to 75mcg twice daily
Children: 0.005 to 0.025mg/kg/day
Schedule of ClonidineHStorage Requirements for ClonidineStore at room temperature.Protect from heat and light.Keep away from children.Effects of Missed Dosage of ClonidineTake the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.Effects of Overdose of ClonidineTreatment is supportive and symptomatic. Assure the airway and empty the stomach by gastric lavage. Administer activated charcoal. In case of transdermal patch remove it from the body
ChlorthalidoneAbout ChlorthalidoneMonosulfamyl diuretic, long acting phthalimidine derivative, thiazides like diuretic, Antihypertensive/diureticMechanism of Action of ChlorthalidoneIt is long acting phthalimidine derivative exerts thiazides like diuretic action by acting at site-3(central dilating segment of early distal tubule). It binds to Na+-Cl- symporter and inhibits Na+-Cl- symport at the luminal membrane. It has additional carbonic anhydrase inhibitory actions in proximal tubules. It increases natriuresis, kaliuresis and diuresis. It decreases Ca2+ excretion and increases Mg2+ and hence used to correct hypocalcaemia associated with hypoparathyroidism. The antihypertensive actions of the drug may be attributable to depletion of sodium and subsequent reduction in plasma volume and a decrease in peripheral resistance. Decrease in peripheral resistance is due to either the loss of sodium from the arteriolar wall or a direct action on the vascular bed. It is an effective drug in edema associated with congestive heart failure.Pharmacokinets of ChlorthalidoneAbsorption: Slowly absorbed after oral administration. Distribution: It preferentially bound to renal tissues for prolonged periods. Metabolism: It is not significantly metabolized in the body. Excretion: Excreted mainly through urine and a small portion is excreted through bile.Onset of Action for Chlorthalidone1 to 3 hoursDuration of Action for Chlorthalidone48 to 72 hoursHalf Life of Chlorthalidone40 to 50 hoursSide Effects of Chlorthalidone1.Dizziness
10.Elevated levels of glucose, calcium, and lipids
11.Altered liver function tests
12.Altered kidney function tests
13.Gastro intestinal disturbances
Contra-indications of Chlorthalidone1.Hypersensitivity to the drug
10.Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases
Special Precautions while taking Chlorthalidone1.Gout
4.Fluid and electrolyte imbalance
6.Severe heart failure
9.Ventricular extra systolesPregnancy Related InformationContraindicatedOld Age Related InformationUse with cautionBreast Feeding Related InformationContraindicatedChildren Related InformationUse with cautionIndications for Chlorthalidone1.Hypertension
2.Oedema associated with heart failure
3.Oedema due to renal and hepatic diseases
4.Ascites due to cirrhosis.
Interactions for ChlorthalidoneCholestyramine & Colestipol : decrease absorption of chlorthalidone.
Diazoxide : Additive action may cause hyperglycemia, hyperuricaemia and hypotension.
Digitalis : Diuretic induced hypokalaemia may precipitate digitalis toxicity.
Lithium : Chlorthalidone potentiates therapeutic and toxic effects by decreasing its renal excretion.
Frusemide :Synergy leading to profound diuresis and greater than predicted electrolyte loss.
Non-depolarizing muscle relaxants : Diuretic induced hypokalaemia enhances efficacy.
Sulfonylureas : Efficacy decreased due to chlorthalidone induced glucose intolerance.
Chlorpropamide : Hypokalemia.
Propantheline : Bioavailability of chlorthalidone increased.
Metoclopramide : Bioavailability of chlorthalidone decreased.
NSAID?s : Natriuretic effect of chlorthalidone decreased.Typical Dosage for ChlorthalidoneAdult:
Hypertension: 25mg daily. Increased to 50mg if required; depending up on the patient`s response.
Oedema: Starts with 50mg. Increased to 100 to 200mg on alternate days; if required.
Maintenance dosage: 25 to 50mg daily or on alternate days.
Children: Hypertension:2mg/kg/day; thrice a week.Schedule of ChlorthalidoneGStorage Requirements for ChlorthalidoneStore at a cool dry place; and at a temperature below 30 degree C. in a well closed container.Effects of Missed Dosage of ChlorthalidoneN/AEffects of Overdose of ChlorthalidoneTreatment is supportive and symptomatic. Remove drug from the body by induced emesis and gastric lavage. Monitor and support fluid and electrolyte balance.
Home Delivery for Clonidine + Chlorthalidone in Your City
Medicine India is just a publishing medium for medicine related information and does not provide services or sales of medicines including clonidine + chlorthalidone.
However, we do publish a comprehensive directory of Pharmacies, Chemists and Druggists in cities all over India. You can use this directory to find the medicine stores in your city (or area) that provide home delivery services for clonidine + chlorthalidone and other medicines and health products. Home delivery services for clonidine + chlorthalidone may be free or they may cost you depending on the pharmacy and the minimum order requirements. It would be best to get this clarified while placing the order.
Please be aware that you should take clonidine + chlorthalidone only if a doctor has recommended or prescribed it. Some or all pharmacies who provide a home delivery service for medicines might insist on a prescription for clonidine + chlorthalidone before they complete the sale. You can get this information while placing the order for clonidine + chlorthalidone with the pharmacy.
Clonidine + Chlorthalidone is a generic medicine name and there are several brands available for it. Some of the brands for clonidine + chlorthalidone might be better known than clonidine + chlorthalidone itself. If the pharmacy that's willing to deliver medicines to your home doesn't have clonidine + chlorthalidone in stock, you can ask for one of the branded alternatives for clonidine + chlorthalidone.