Dicyclomine Pharmacology


About Dicyclomine
Anticholinergic ,Antimuscarinic, Antispasmodic and in urinary incontinence.
Mechanism of Action of Dicyclomine
Dicyclomine is an anticholinergic drug. It exerts its action by inhibiting muscarinic (((cholinergic))) receptors on smooth muscles and prevents the effect of Acetylcholine. Inhibition of Acetylcholine produces relaxation of smooth muscles of gastrointestinal tract and genitourinary tract and reduces the painful spasm and cramp. It inhibits gastrointestinal propulsive motility and reduces gastric acid secretion. It also has a direct relaxant effect on smooth muscle. It readily crosses the blood brain barrier and produces CNS effects.
Pharmacokinets of Dicyclomine
Absorption: About 70 % of the drug is absorbed after oral administration.
Distribution: It is extensively distributed in tissue mainly in protein bound (((99%))) form. It readily crosses blood brain barrier.
Metabolism: Dicyclomine undergoes hepatic metabolism
Excretion: It is excreted mainly in the urine and small amount in the faeces.
Onset of Action for Dicyclomine
1-2 hours.
Duration of Action for Dicyclomine
4-6 hours.
Half Life of Dicyclomine
1.8 hours (((initial phase))). 9 - 10 hours (((secondary phase)))
Side Effects of Dicyclomine
2.Dry mouth
5.Abdominal discomfort
11.Increased intraocular pressure
13.Urine retention
14.Urinary hesitancy
15.Decreased sweating
Contra-indications of Dicyclomine
1.Hypersensitivity to Dicyclomine and other anticholinergic drugs
2.Narrow angle glaucoma
3.Obstructive gastro intestinal tract
4.Obstructive uropathy
5.Reflux oesophagitis
6.Severe ulcerative colitis
7.Myasthenia gravis
8.Unstable cardiovascular status in acute haemorrhage
Special Precautions while taking Dicyclomine
1.Renal impairment
2.Hepatic impairment
3.Heart failure
4.Prostatic hypertrophy
5.Hiatus hernia associated
7.Autonomic neuropathy
8.Ulcerative colitis
11.Coronary artery disease
Pregnancy Related Information
Use with caution.
Old Age Related Information
Use with caution.
Breast Feeding Related Information
Children Related Information
Use with caution.
NEONATES: contraindicated
Indications for Dicyclomine
1. Irritable bowel syndrome
2.Colicky pain
Interactions for Dicyclomine
Typical Dosage for Dicyclomine
Oral: 80 mg / day in 4 divided doses 30 - 60 minutes before meals. Depending on the patient`s response dose can be increased to 160 mg / day in 4 divided doses after 1 week.
Infant colic: 5 - 10 mg every 6 - 8 hours, 15 minutes before each feed; dose is depending on the patient`s response and age.
Schedule of Dicyclomine
Storage Requirements for Dicyclomine
Store at 15 - 30 degree C in a tightly closed container. Protect from light.Keep out of the reach of children
Effects of Missed Dosage of Dicyclomine
Take the missed dose as soon as noticed and if it is the time for next dose then skip the missed dose. Continue the regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
Effects of Overdose of Dicyclomine
Give supportive measures and symptomatic treatment. Drug can be removed from the body by gastric lavage or by inducing emesis. Absorption of the drug can be reduced by administration of activated charcoal. Physostigmine is given to block the overdose symptoms of Dicyclomine.

Home Delivery for Dicyclomine in Your City

Medicine India is just a publishing medium for medicine related information and does not provide services or sales of medicines including dicyclomine.

However, we do publish a comprehensive directory of Pharmacies, Chemists and Druggists in cities all over India. You can use this directory to find the medicine stores in your city (or area) that provide home delivery services for dicyclomine and other medicines and health products. Home delivery services for dicyclomine may be free or they may cost you depending on the pharmacy and the minimum order requirements. It would be best to get this clarified while placing the order.

Please be aware that you should take dicyclomine only if a doctor has recommended or prescribed it. Some or all pharmacies who provide a home delivery service for medicines might insist on a prescription for dicyclomine before they complete the sale. You can get this information while placing the order for dicyclomine with the pharmacy.

Dicyclomine is a generic medicine name and there are several brands available for it. Some of the brands for dicyclomine might be better known than dicyclomine itself. If the pharmacy that's willing to deliver medicines to your home doesn't have dicyclomine in stock, you can ask for one of the branded alternatives for dicyclomine.